Enterprise Resource Planning, 1/E
CHAPTER 1: A FOUNDATION FOR UNDERSTANDING ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING SYSTEMS
1.Develop an understanding of how ERP systems can improve the effectiveness of information systems in organizations.
2.Understand the business benefits of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems.
3.Understand the history and evolution of ERP.
1.A Foundation for Understanding Enterprise Resource Planning Systems a.The Emergence of Enterprise Resource Planning Systems
1.What is ERP?
2.The Evolution of ERP
3.The Integrated Systems Approach
b.Business Benefits of ERP
d.ERP Design Alternatives
e.The Business Case for ERP
1.Cost-Benefit Analysis for ERP
2.Can ERP Provide a Competitive Advantage?
f.The Challenge of Implementing an ERP System
ANSWERS TO END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS
Questions for Discussion:
1.Use on-line library databases to identify articles in trade publications which provide case studies of ERP implementations. These articles may provide some insight into each of these questions. a.How widespread is the use of ERP across certain industries? b.What are the benefits reported from implementing ERP?
c.What are its limitations?
2.Research and learn about the implementation of ERP. Use trade publications and on-line library databases (e.g. ABI Inform, ProQuest, First Search, Wilson Select Plus, available through your library) to conduct a search for articles. a.Find a success story of ERP implementation. What factors contributed to the success of this implementation? b.Find a story of problems encountered with an ERP implementation. What factors contributed to the obstacles which were encountered??
Austin, Robert D., Sole, Deborah, and Cotteleer, Mark J. “Harley Davidson Motor Company: Enterprise Software Selection.” Harvard Business School case study (2003): 1-23.
Austin, Robert D., Nolan, Richard L., and Cotteleer, Mark J. “Cisco Systems, Inc.:Implementing ERP.” Harvard Business School case study (2002): 1-19.
Gabriele Hirt, Sabine and Swanson, E. Burton. “Adopting SAP at Siemens Power Corporation.” Journal of Information Technology 14 (1999): 243-251.
Jesitus, John. “Broken Promises? Fox Meyer’s project was a disaster. Was the company too aggressive or was it misled?” Industry Week (1997): 31-37.
Songini, Marc L. “Halloween Less Haunting For Hershey This Year.” Computerworld. Vol. 34 (45), p.13-14.
Stedman, Craig. “Failed ERP Gamble Haunts Hershey.” Computerworld. Vol. 33(44), p. 1.
Weiss, Todd R., Songini, Marc L. “Hershey Upgrades R/3 ERP System Without Hitches.” Computerworld, Vol. 36(37), p. 25-28
Case: Business Research
You are a business analyst for MPK Industries, a consulting firm that tracks worldwide trends in information technology. Using suggested on-line databases and Internet resources provide answers to the following questions.
1.What is the expected future growth of the ERP marketplace in terms of overall sales? a.Break this down by sales in the United States and international sales? b.Break this down by Fortune 500 companies and mid-cap companies (e.g. mid-cap companies are defined as having sales between $50 and $400 million per year).
2.What is the relative market share of the major ERP vendors? a.Break this down by sales in the U.S. and international sales. b.Break this down by Fortune 500 companies and mid-cap companies.
Web siteWhat it provides
Results of vendor surveys
Links to useful ERP sites, articles, publications, and chat rooms www.erpfans.com
Links to support groups for many vendors
Links to current APICS news
CHAPTER 2: RE-ENGINEERING AND ENTERPRISE...