This chapter focused focus on the background of the study, statement of the problem, purpose of the study, objectives of the study and significance of the study, limitation and delimitations and finally definition of operational terms.
1.1 Background to the Study
Nutrition is very paramount among children and therefore it should be upheld in ECDE Centres. To start off, it entails a balanced diet which will facilitate good health among children hence promote purposeful learning. The food children eat is supposed to be prepared well so that it cannot cause a negative effect on children. This will deter the smooth progression of learning. We should also prepare our meals well to make nutrition appropriate for the learners. Tumbo (2005) observes that vitamins are destroyed when food is excessively cooked.
Barbaric nutrition will also cause side effects on mental development of the child which will in turn inhibit high standards of hygiene while preparing food. Morley and Woodland (1979), stresses that undernourishment leads to permanent damage of the children’s intellectual development. In serious cases some of the ECDE Children have fallen victims of physical deformation and under development due to poor practices given to them.
Early childhood Development Education children’s balanced nutrition should maintain the rule of three elementary aspects, thus proteins, carbohydrates and vitamins. According to Kagunda (2003), Food for children is to be rich in carbohydrates, proteins vitamins, fats, and oils and minerals to keep them free from deficiency diseases. This balance diet when infused into nutrition, it hampers the cropping up of nutritional deficiency diseases which have made many of the ECDE Children unhealthy yet they were born while they are very healthy.
A good fraction of ECDE children appear extremely under malnutrition due to inadequate food provided for them. This make children appear withdrawn from classroom activities because they are treated to very little food leading them to starvation yet young children play a lot so they need a lot of food to generate energy for their daily activities. NACECE (1992) indicates that children play more than adults so they need to eat more energy, giving food. Nutrition is supposed to be of high quantity and quality so that it can satisfy children. If it can be inadequate, it hinders the smooth running of children’s learning.
Lack of knowledge because of low academic level of parents has also made ECDE children to be given non-nutritious food. When children are not given a balanced diet, their cognitive and physical developments deteriorate. This makes the ECDE children appear like academic dwarfs yet they were born with sound brains. Ebrahim (1982). quotes that death of children is greatly linked with the mother’s lack of education.
A large number of ECDE children come from poverty devastating family backgrounds. Therefore there is no availability and supply of enough and balanced nutrition. According to the people and Government of Kenya (2001), the number of poor increased and was estimated to have reached 15 million and that three quarters of the poor live in rural estates (areas)
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The total lack of proper provision of adequate nutrition in the Early Childhood Development Education centres in Uasin Gishu County region is emerging as foundation of a number of problems which are causing a lot of harm to Early Childhood Development Education (ECDE) children. Statistics reveal that children in ECDE centres seem not to be given appropriate nutrition. However they are continually subjected to substandard nutrition kind of culture which in turn makes them retarded.
The inability and ineptness of the ECDE teachers may have played an added outstanding role in undermining nutrition of children in ECDE centres hence as an end result it has posed an extreme challenge to the...