Name: Daniel Levy
In recent years, there has been a ton of controversy surrounding bullying. Some people view bullying as a normal part of development during childhood and others consider it abnormal. An action has to have three different elements for it to be considered bullying. There are also different types of bullying such as: physical, verbal, covert, and cyber bullying. Being bullied in childhood has a strong correlation with getting depression in adulthood. Also, being a bully in childhood has a strong correlation with being depressed in adulthood. Being bullied has also been linked to poor grades in school. If you’re a bully in elementary school, you’re likely to continue to be a bully in high school and in college. Also, if you’re bullied in elementary school, you’re likely to be bullied again in high school and college. Parental and teacher support can help victims cope with being bullied.
Bullying is defined by three elements: the bully’s intent must be to harm another, it must happen repeatedly, and there should be an imbalance of power between the bully and victim (Jacobsen & Bauman, 2007). There are different forms of bullying and they are: physical, verbal, covert, and cyber bullying. Physical bullying involves violence and this type of bullying usually gets the most attention from school personnel. Verbal bullying refers to name calling, threatening, and teasing others. Covert bullying is also known as relational bullying and that is purposely making others be isolated out of class or group activities, gossiping, and spreading rumors. The bullies’ intention in covert bullying is to “attempt to inflict pain in such a manner that he or she makes it seem as though there has been no intention to hurt at all” (Jacobsen & Bauman, 2007). The last type of bullying is cyber bullying, which is bullying via email, chat, and stalking someone online (Klomek, Sourander, & Gould, 2011). So if a person threatens another person via email or chat, that is considered cyber bullying. And if someone stalks somebody’s Facebook page and looks at all of their information, that is an example of cyber stalking.
Being bullied has a negative impact on students’ grades. The grades of Hispanics and African Americans suffer the most (Cooper, 2011). A longitudinal study was done on current tenth graders and they were asked what their grade point average was in 9th grade before being bullied. The researchers then examined those same students in 12th grade, and found out that Blacks and Hispanics grade point average fell by an average of 0.5 points after being bullied. White students’ grade point averages were less affected by bullying (Cooper, 2011).
A study was done by teenshealth.com, and they estimated that around 25% of bullies in elementary schools will have a criminal record by the age of 30. They are also more likely to be rejected by people and lose friendships in adulthood. Bullies also don’t do well in school. They’re more likely to fail in in school and not have the type of career or relationship success that others have (Cooper, 2011).
Studies have shown that bullying in childhood and adolescence is further associated with depression, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts. Victims of bullying are more likely to show depressive symptoms than non-victims. Studies have also shown that both bullies and victims are at an increased risk for suicidal ideation and suicidal attempts (Klomek, Sourander, & Gould, 2011).
Studies have shown that high school students, who were bullies, were not as mentally healthy as other high school students. Therefore they’re more...