PREVENTION OF “BRAIN-DRAIN”
FROM OIC -COUNTRIES*
Abstract 2 Introduction 3 1. Concept of Brain Drain/Brain Gain/Brain Waste
4 2. Reasons of Brain Drain and Its Impact on the Home Country 5 3. Strategy for Preventing “Brain-Drain” from OIC Countries 9 4. Various useful attempts at international level to arrest the Brain Drain 15 5. Examples of Brain Drain from OIC Countries 17 6. Some measures to prevent Brain Drain 35 7. Conclusion 43
“PREVENTION OF BRAIN MIGRATION
FROM OIC COUNTRIES”
The migration of intellectual workers and skilled personnel from the less developed countries, particularly from the poor countries, to the more developed or advanced countries termed as Brain-Drain is a global phenomenon. However, it hurts more, particularly in the area of Science and Technology, the progress of poor and developing countries and is a very serious matter which such countries must attend on urgent basis. Most countries of OIC belong to the less developed part of the world and therefore, OIC is confronted with this serious problem and needs constant attention to deal with. In this report, the problem, as in world over, particularly for OIC countries is briefly discussed describing the reasons and the possible remedial measures. Some aspects of OIC countries are also discussed with useful measures taken to deal with this problem. Examples of ICTP (Trieste, Italy) and CERN (Geneva, Switzerland) are mentioned as useful measures to arrest Brain Drain. Some steps taken by ISESCO, COMSTECH, IDB and other OIC organizations as well as OIC-countries and regions like Pakistan, Egypt, Turkey, North Africa and Middle East etc. to arrest Brain-Drain are also mentioned. In the end some high lights and main suggestions are listed which OIC could take up to tackle this important problem of preventing the Brain-Drain.
The migration of intellectual manpower from less developed countries to more developed countries is a global phenomenon. The most prominent migration of intellect is from the poor and developing countries to the rich and advanced countries. While the migration of intellect from one country to the other has its own merits and leads to better development of the world and the nations forming it, it also lends damage to the countries which need badly the presence and the contributions of such intellectual and qualified personnel. While the migration leads to inter cultural understanding and benefiting from each other’s culture, it leads to the deprivation or depletion of cultural richness when the highly enriched intellectuals migrate. The migration of Chinese to the other Asian regions led to the introduction of Buddhist Culture and the migration of Muslims from Arabian Peninsula led to the spread of Muslim Culture across many societies outside the Islamic world. However in recent years, the fast development in the world on the one hand led to the great economic disparity among the countries, and on the other it made them closer because of fast development in information technology. It thus led to faster movement of intellectuals to better places and when it deprived the poor and developing countries by excessive numbers of migration, it became alarming to the developing countries the loss of intellect. As said earlier migration of intellect is a relative and universal phenomenon. The Scientists and Professors of Europe have migrated to USA,...
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