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Bio Medical Wastes

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Current World Environment

Vol. 7(1), 117-124 (2012)

Need of Biomedical Waste Management System in Hospitals - An Emerging issue - A Review PRAVEEN MATHUR, SANGEETA PATAN* and ANAND S. SHOBHAWAT
Department of Environmental Science, MDS University Ajmer - 305 009 (India). (Received: April 24, 2012; Accepted: May 27, 2012) ABSTRACT Medical care is vital for our life and health, but the waste generated from medical activities represents a real problem of living nature and human world. Improper management of waste generated in health care facilities causes a direct health impact on the community, the health care workers and on the environment Every day, relatively large amount of potentially infectious and hazardous waste are generated in the health care hospitals and facilities around the world. Indiscriminate disposal of BMW or hospital waste and exposure to such waste possess serious threat to environment and to human health that requires specific treatment and management prior to its final disposal. The present review article deals with the basic issues as definition, categories, problems relating to biomedical waste and procedure of handling and disposal method of Biomedical Waste Management. It also intends to create awareness amongst the personnel involved in health care unit.

Key words: Hazardous waste, Biomedical Waste Management, Health care unit.

INTRODUCTION Biomedical waste management has recently emerged as an issue of major concern not only to hospitals, nursing home authorities but also to the environment. the bio-medical wastes generated from health care units depend upon a number of factors such as waste management methods, type of health care units, occupancy of healthcare units, specialization of healthcare units, ratio of reusable items in use, availability of infrastructure and resources etc.1 The proper management of biomedical waste has become a worldwide humanitarian topic today. Although hazards of poor management of biomedical...