This chapter consists of the background of the study, objectives of the study, theoretical and conceptual framework, scope and limitations of the study, significance of the study and definition of terms.
Background of the Study
As men live in this fourth wave world known as the Ubiquitous age, many impossible things made possible through Information Technology. They were thankful to the millennium of scientific discoveries and innovations, people’s lives have transformed. It is due to advanced technology why man’s conventional way of living becomes modern. The modern technology that enables men to lessen the burden of work, relieve suffering and increase satisfaction.
Most of the greatest inventions have focused exclusively on technological achievements. In broader sense, human have invented great many other things over the past 1000 years. Humankind’s creative output spans a huge range of fields in addition to science and engineering – each with their own great developments and innovations during the last millennium.
Technology is the making, modification, usage, and knowledge of tools, machines, techniques, crafts, systems, methods of organization, in order to solve a problem, improve a preexisting solution to a problem, achieve a goal, handle an applied input/output relation or perform a specific function. It can also refer to the collection of such tools, machinery, modifications, arrangements and procedures. Technologies significantly affect human as well as other animal species' ability to control and adapt to their natural environments. Technology can be viewed as an activity that forms or changes culture. Additionally, technology is the application of Mathematics, Science, and the arts for the benefit of life as it is known. A modern example is the rise of communication technology, which has lessened barriers to human interaction and, as a result, has helped spawn new subcultures: The rise of cyberculture. As a cultural activity, technology predates both science and engineering, each of which formalizes some aspects of technological endeavor. Engineering is the goal-oriented process of designing and making tools and systems to exploit natural phenomena for practical human means, often (but not always) using results and techniques from science. The development of technology may draw upon many fields of knowledge, including scientific, engineering, mathematical, linguistic, and historical knowledge, to achieve some practical result.1
The research study is conducted in response to the 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines, Article 14, Education, Science and Technology, Arts, Culture and Sports, Section 10 and to unit:
“Science and technology are essential for national development and progress. The State shall give priority to research and development, invention, innovation, and their utilization; and to science and technology education, training, and services. It shall support indigenous, appropriate, and self-reliant scientific and technological capabilities, and their application to the country's productive systems and national life.” 1
This article discusses the importance of every development or discoveries. Thus, as a University, it should support all the research that will be conducted by the students to motivate them to come up with a technology that will promote the development of the country as a whole.
Vehicle loading is one of the most important consideration factors of the design, maintenance, and long-term use of expressway. Nowadays, it becomes more common that the road surface is greatly damaged by the overloading vehicles. As a result, the overloading enforcement would be the effective measure for preventing the expressway from being damaged by overloading vehicles.2
Economic growth demands an adequate transport infrastructure. Highway networks ensure healthy...