Bhatiya Janta Party

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The Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS) was founded by Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee in 1951 to support the nationalist cause. The party opposed the appeasement policy of the Indian National Congress[citation needed] and was against any compromise in the matters of national and cultural integrity, unity and identity. It was widely regarded as the political arm of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. After Mookerjee's untimely death in prison in 1953, during an agitation demanding the effective integration of Jammu and Kashmir into India, the entire burden of nurturing the orphaned organisation and building it up as a nation-wide movement fell on the young shoulders of Deendayal Upadhyaya. For 15 years, he remained the outfit's general secretary and built it up. He raised a band of dedicated workers imbued with idealism and provided the entire ideological framework of the party. He groomed future political leaders like Vajpayee, Advani and others. However, the vast majority of the party workers, including Upadhyaya himself were derived from the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) and brought with them the patriotic fervour and discipline of the parent organisation.[13] The Jana Sangh won just three Lok Sabha seats in the first general elections in 1952. However, it gradually increased its strength and by 1962 had become one of the most effective opposition parties in India and seriously challenged the power of the Congress in various north Indian states. Enforcing a uniform civil code for all Indians, Barring the killing (and eating) of cows, abolishing the special statues accorded to J&K and majorly promoting usage of the Hindi language were some of the pivotal ideological key points of the party. After 1967, The party entered into coalition with political organisations of similar ideologies and political positions and formed governments in various states such as Uttar Pradesh, Delhi and others. The party was a major part of the political agitation against the emergency...
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