The Naxalite Revolt – Why Is It the Biggest Internal Threat to India’s Progress?

Topics: Naxalite, India, Salwa Judum Pages: 9 (2849 words) Published: November 2, 2011
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GROUP 8, Section D
PGP/14/202 Arik Das
PGP/14/207 Chaitra Jagannath
PGP/14/209 Chandramohan Nayak
PGP/14/214 Kumari Sonia
PGP/14/243 Sravya Shakuntala B

The Naxalite Revolt – Why is it the Biggest Internal Threat to India’s Progress?

1 Introduction3
2 The Red Corridor4
3 Causes of Naxalism5
3.1 Structural violence5
3.2 Poverty5
3.3 Food insecurity5
3.4 Literacy5
3.5 Health6
3.6 Drinking water, Sanitation and Housing6
3.7 Disparities in Infrastructure6
4 Sources of finance and arms7
5 Demands of Naxalites7
6 Naxals: An Obstacle to growth8
7 Government’s response to Naxalism8
7.1 Salwa Judum8
7.2 Operation Green Hunt9
7.3 Other Initiatives by State and Central Government9
8 Recommendations10
8.1 Central Government10
8.2 State Government10
8.3 Communist Party of India (M)11

1 Introduction
The Naxalite flag inspired by Maoism
Naxals being trained at a camp

Naxal origin can be traced to the split in 1967 of the Communist Party of India (Marxist), leading to the formation of the Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist). Initially the movement had its centre in West Bengal. In later years, it spread into less developed areas of rural central and eastern India, such as Chhattisgarh, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh through the activities of underground groups like the Communist Party of India (Maoist). The term Naxalites comes from Naxalbari, a small village in West Bengal, where a section of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM) led by Charu Majumdar, Kanu Sanyal and Jangal Santhal initiated a violent uprising in 1967. Charu Majumdar, inspired by the doctrines of Mao Zedong, provided ideological leadership for the Naxalbari movement, advocating that Indian peasants and lower class tribals overthrow the government and upper classes by force. A large number of urban elites were also attracted to the ideology, which spread through Majumdar's writings, particularly the 'Historic Eight Documents' which formed the basis of Naxalite ideology. So, the Naxalites mobilized the poor to fight against the existing state, even armed fight if possible, as they consider the existing state to be a set of agents acting for the big multinational corporations, rich landlords and the wealthy in general. There is a pause in the timeline of the whole Naxalite movement between 1980 and 2000. This is because in 1970s, the major Maoist leaders were caught and shot dead by the government and most of the cadres were imprisoned. So the movement came to a halt. But, again in the new century, they gathered strength and came back and attacked in a stronger way. The movement has a a very long history of development. The present party, CPI (Maoist), came into being in 2004 by the merger of a number of fraternal organizations including the People’s War Group (PWG).

2 The Red Corridor
The map of India showing the red corridor is a region in India which is a cause of the major political unrest and internal threats to our country. The red corridor basically comprises of portion of West Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and parts of Madhya Pradesh. This region lies in the Eastern Ghats area and is extreme inaccessible due to excessive rain and dense tracts of forests. This makes it difficult for the government to maintain law and order in these areas. The locales of this region are the tribes and Dalits who have been subjected to the most oppressive conditions since ages. Also this region is full of minerals in the forms of iron ore, coal, bauxite, dolomite, copper, manganese etc. The Indian Map demarcating the Red Corridor areas

Therefore, red corridor is described as one of the most impoverished region in the east of India that experiences considerable Naxalite communist terrorism activity. These areas suffer from the greatest illiteracy, poverty and economic inequality in...
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