Basic Concepts of Educational Measurement and Assessment

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Basic Concepts of Educational Measurement and Assessment

By | July 2013
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“Basic concepts of educational measurement and assessment.”

Summary
Measurement, Evaluation and Assessment, this are the three important things that a learner undergoes for the facilitator to determine a valid and reliable result of achievement. But what is the difference of the three? Can we really measure achievement? If yes, then how can we make sure that it is valid?

There are different kinds of evaluation and assessment, it is not just a series of test, continuous quizzes, seat-work and assignment that are given to learners to test if they were able to grasp and understand the lesson. There is a broader meaning when we talk about measurement, evaluation and assessment. Each of the three has its own purpose and use; however, all of the three are important. There can be a lot of questions when it comes to measuring a learner’s achievement but, this learning paper might help you understand more.

Discussion

I. Define

1. Measurement
In academics, measurement refers to scores or result in an assessment. It determines how much of the lesson the learner was able to understand. Measurement is typically used to measure the level of attainment of an individual in a specific area like math, reading, language etc.

Example:
IQ of a person, Percentage scores and appraisal (very good!, good!).

2. Evaluation
Evaluation is “value”. It serves as an evidence of what the learner learned; it’s an ongoing process that is very important to make valid and reliable judgment. There are two types of evaluation, Formative and summative. Formative evaluation is a continuous evaluation that determines the learner’s strengths, weaknesses and if you learned or not. On the other hand Summative evaluation is the total evaluation of what you learned. It is commonly used at the end of a term.

Example:
Quizzes, Seatwork, Recitation, Assignment…

3. Assessment
Assessment is a broad term, however a test is an assessment and all tests are...
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