Babylonia and Answer A.

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Akhenaten's experiment with monotheism failed because
| A.| it could not compete with Christianity.|
| B.| it did not gain the support of the pharaoh.|
| C.| the hated and corrupt priesthood endorsed it.|
| D.| it had no connection with the Egyptian past.|
| E.| its elaborate ritual was too confusing.|

Question 2
Mesopotamian agriculture depended on
| A.| irrigation.|
| B.| slavery.|
| C.| the regular flooding of the Nile.|
| D.| artificial fertilizers.|
| E.| Egyptian technology.|
The ___________ played a key role in spreading Sumerian culture beyond the boundaries of Mesopotamia. Answer
| A.| Egyptians|
| B.| Hyksos|
| C.| Aryans|
| D.| Semites|
| E.| Indo-Europeans|
Which of the following Near Eastern societies invented writing? Answer
| A.| Hebrews|
| B.| Babylonians|
| C.| Akkadians|
| D.| Sumerians|
| E.| Hyksos|
All of the following traits characterized the Neolithic stage of human development except Answer
| A.| the appearance of towns.|
| B.| use of bronze weapons.|
| C.| new types of stone tools.|
| D.| warfare and the construction of walled villages.|
| E.| agriculture and animal husbandry as primary ways of life.| People began making primitive stone tools in about
| A.| 400,000 B.C.|
| B.| 10,000 B.C.|
| C.| 50,000 B.C.|
| D.| 250,000 B.C.|
| E.| 800,000 B.C.|
According to the text, large-scale trade in the Neolithic world developed out of Answer
| A.| improving climate.|
| B.| new transport technologies.|
| C.| the invention of new methods of record keeping.|
| D.| the agricultural surplus.|
| E.| population pressures.|
The division of labor within Neolithic towns resulted from
| A.| development of metalworking technology.|
| B.| urbanization.|
| C.| ritual imperatives.|
| D.| military conquest.|
| E.| agricultural surplus.|
The earliest written signs
| A.| were cuneiform.|
| B.| represented the sounds of a spoken language.|
| C.| were pictographs, in which each sign pictured an object.| | D.| were Maya glyphs.|
| E.| were ideograms, in which each sign symbolized an idea.| All of the following were products of systematic agriculture except Answer
| A.| the development of permanent towns.|
| B.| more people needed to become involved in food production.| | C.| a healthier population.|
| D.| the division of labor.|
| E.| a dramatic increase in population.|
Most Sumerian scribes
| A.| copied religious texts.|
| B.| produced legal documents.|
| C.| copied public notices.|
| D.| transcribed private letters.|
| E.| kept records of business transactions.|
Under the Code of Hammurabi, _____________ were punished most harshly for a given crime. Answer
| A.| Slaves|
| B.| court officials|
| C.| Nobles|
| D.| Priests|
| E.| Commoners|
The Sumerian nobility included all of the following except
| A.| the king.|
| B.| the chief priests.|
| C.| high palace officials.|
| D.| the king's family.|
| E.| leading merchants.|
Sumerian society was
| A.| complex, with various social categories.|
| B.| characterized by little differentiation of social roles.| | C.| composed of two social groupings: nobles and slaves.| | D.| fluid, with a high degree of social mobility.|
| E.| dominated by the priesthood.|
Hammurabi's political success resulted from his
| A.| destruction of the Sumerian concept of urban kingship.| | B.| linking of the Semitic concept of the tribal chief with that of the Sumerian urban kingship.| | C.| conquest of Egypt.|

| D.| destruction of existing Mesopotamian culture and establishment of the ascendancy of Babylonian culture.| | E.| use of new religious cults adopted...
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