Automatic-Gate Control

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  • Published : March 5, 2013
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MICROCONTROLLER BASED
AUTOMATIC RAILWAY
GATE CONTROL

Submitted by
[pic]
M.V.PRAVEEN KUMAR M.SATISH
¾ EEE, ¾ EEE,
Praveenwish007@yahoo.co.in satishwin46@gmail.com Contact: 9989823951 Contact: 9966633406

S.R.K.R.COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
BHIMAVARAM

ABSTRACT:

The objective of this paper is to provide an automatic railway gate at a levelcrossing replacing the gates operated by the gatekeeper. It deals with two things. Firstly, it deals with the reduction of time for which the gate is being kept closed. And secondly, to provide safety to the road users by reducing the accidents.

By the presently existing system once the train leaves the station, the stationmaster informs the gatekeeper about the arrival of the train through the telephone. Once the gatekeeper receives the information,he closes the gate depending on the timing at which the train arrives. Hence, if the train is late due to certain reasons,then gate remain closed for a long time causing traffic near the gates.

By employing the automatic railway gate control at the level crossing the arrival of the train is detected by the sensor placed near to the gate. Hence, the time for which it is closed is less compared to the manually operated gates and also reduces the human labour. This type of gates can be employed in an unmanned level crossing where the chances of accidents are higher and reliable operation is required. Since, the operation is automatic, error due to manual operation is prevented .

Automatic railway gate control is highly economical microcontroller based arrangement, designed for use in almost all the unmanned level crossings in the country.

INTRODUCTION:

In this paper we are concerned of providing an automatic railway gate control at unmanned level crossings replacing the gates operated by gate keepers and also the semiautomatically operated gates. It deals with two things. Firstly, it deals with the reduction of time for which the gate is being kept closed. And secondly, to provide safety to the road users by reducing the accidents that usually occur due to carelessness of road users and at times errors made by the gatekeepers.

By employing the automatic railway gate control at the level crossing the arrival of train is detected by the sensor placed on either side of the gate at about 5km from the level crossing. Once the arrival is sensed , the sensed signal is sent to the microcontroller and it checks for possible presence of vehicle between the gates, again using sensors. Subsequently, buzzer indication and light signals on either side are provided to the road users indicating the closure of gates. Once, no vehicle is sensed in between the gate the motor is activated and the gates are closed. But, for the worst case if any obstacle is sensed it is indicated to the train driver by signals(RED) placed at about 2km and 180m,so as to bring it to halt well before the level crossing. When no obstacle is sensed GREEN light is indicated, and the train is to free to move.

The departure of the train is detected by sensors placed at about 1km from the gate. The signal about the departure is sent to the microcontroller, which in turn operates the motor and opens the gate. Thus, the time for which the gate is closed is less compared to the manually operated gates since the gate is closed depending upon the telephone call from the previous station. Also reliability is high as it is not subjected to manual errors.

R1 & R2 Sensors on the track, placed at about 5 km from the gate to detect the train arrival on either directions.

R3 & R4 Sensors on the track, placed at about 1 km from the gate to detect the train departure on either directions.

SG1,SG2,SG3 & SG4Signals placed by the side of the track...
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