Assignment on Organizational Teams & Groups

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World University of Bangladesh
Organizational Development
Assignment on Organizational Teams & Groups
Course code: HRM 1006

Submitted by: Ishtiaque Ahmed
Department: Business Administration
ID No: WUB-01/08/20/614
Batch: 20th
Sec: A
Roll: 614

Submitted to: Nargis Begum
Lecturer of Business Administration Department
World University of Bangladesh

Submission Date:
25th of May 2012

Question 1. Describe the model for managing change.

Ans: There are 5 stages in the model for managing change. They are—

1. Motivating change
2. Creating a vision
3. Developing political support
4. Managing transition
5. Sustaining momentum.

[1] Motivating change: There are two sets of motivating change, they are—

a) Creating readiness to change and
b) Overcoming resistance to change

a) Creating readiness to change: There are three activities of creating to change. The activities are—

➢ Make them understand that why it must occur. ➢ Show difference between current and future state of affairs and ➢ Communicate positively.

b) Overcoming resistance to change: The activities are—

➢ Dealing empathetically with employee’s feelings. ➢ Providing extensive communication about the changed effort and ➢ Encouraging participation by organizational members in planning changing

[2] Creating a vision: Well defined visions reduce uncertainty, show that the future will be beneficial and demonstrate that the future is attainable.

[3] Developing political support: Developing political support is critical in successful changed efforts. Powerful individuals and groups must be convinced/influenced that the change is good for them.

There are three sets of activities for developing political support. They are— ➢ Assessing agent’s power.
➢ Identifying key stake holders
➢ Influencing stake holders.
[4] Managing transition: There are three sets of activities for managing the transition state. They are—

➢ Activity planning involves specifying the sequence of activities, events and milestones. ➢ Commitment planning involves getting support and commitment for key players in the organization whose leadership and energy is needed to make the transition succeed. ➢ Management structures involve setting up parallel learning structures to initiate, lead, monitor, and facilitate the change.

[4] Sustaining momentum: Sustaining momentum is important to complete and stabilize the change. The activities involved are—

➢ Providing resources for change.
➢ Developing new competencies and
➢ Building a support system for changed efforts.

Question 2. Mention the eight mistakes that caused many programs to fail.

Ans: According to John Kotter, a professor at Harvard University School; identified eight mistakes that caused many problems to fail. The mistakes are mentioned below—

➢ Not establishing a great enough sense of urgency; ➢ Not creating a powerful enough guiding coalition; ➢ Lacking of a vision;
➢ Under communicating a vision;
➢ Not removing obstacles to the new vision;
➢ Not systematically planning for a creation of a short term wings; ➢ Dealing victory too soon and
➢ Not anchoring changes in the corporation’s cultures.

Question 3. Define team. Graphically explain the types of team?

Ans: A team is an energetic group of people, committed to achieving a common objective, who work well together, enjoy doing so and produce high quality results.

Team building is a process designed to create a work climate where members can achieve work satisfaction by directing...
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