Assainmet on Textile

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Experiment no: 01
Experiment name: Study on garments washing and dyeing machine. Objectives:
* To observe about the garments washing and dyeing machine. * To study about the garments washing and dyeing machine. * To study about the mechanism of garments washing and dyeing machine. Equipments:

* Garments washing machine.
* Garments dyeing machine.
* Hydro extractor machine.
* Tumble dryer machine.
* Electrical machine.
* Air compressor.

Specification of the machine:
(i) Garments washing machine

Fig: Garments washing machine. Specification:
Brand Name: NGAI SHING.
Model no: NS 2205
Maximum Voltage: 380V
Maximum Water contains: 350L Maximum Garments contains: 70-75pcs

(ii)Garments dyeing machine:

Fig: Garments dyeing machine
Specification:
Brand Name: ROACHES
Maximum Voltage: 230V
Watt: 150W
Frequency: (50-60) Hz Amp: 2 amp
Maximum Water contains: 50L
Maximum Garments contains: 10-15pcs
(iii)Hydro extractor machine:

Fig: Hydro extractor machine Specification:
Brand name: ZANUSSI.
Origin: England
(iv)Tumble dryer machine:

Fig: Tumble dryer machine Specification:
Brand Name: OPTIDRY
Maximum Voltage: 230V
Maximum watt: 2400W
Amp: 11amp
(v)Electrical balance:

Fig: Electrical balance Specification:
Brand name: ZANUSSI.
Origin: England
Maximum capacity: 30kg

(vi)Air compressor:

Fig: Air compressor

Specification:
Model no: MK92
Pressure: (8-10)kgf/cm2
Capacity: (80-100) L
Stroke: (50-55) mm.

Conclusion:
To know about different type’s machine is necessary for us that will be helpful in our factory life.

Experiment no: 02
Experiment name: Study on normal wash on cotton garments.
Objectives:
* To know about the effect of normal wash.
* To know about chemical used in normal wash.
* To know about process flow of normal wash.
* To remove size materials, starch from fabric.
Recipe:
Garments leg: X gm
Detergent (beckagol) :( 1-2) %
Temp: 40-500C
Time :( 10-15) min.
M: L :( 1:10)
Calculation:
Sample weight: 424gm.
Liquor weight: 4240 ml.
Detergent weight: 424×2100=8.28gm
Process flow chart:
Water + Garments

Detergent

Raise the temp up to 600C

Running time 15min

Bath drop

Water load into m/c

Run time 5min at 400C

Bath Drop

Water loaded again

(0.1-0.5)% softener for (5-10)min

Bath drop

Unload the garments

Hydro extracting

Drying the dryers

Unload the samples

Quality check

Storage

Precautions:
* Temperature must be controlled properly.
* M: L ratio should be maintained properly.
* Time should be maintained properly.
* Should be careful about the process flow.
Conclusion:
By this practical we are able to know about much information about normal washing of cotton denim that will be helpful in our future life.

Experiment no: 03
Experiment name: Study on bleach wash on cotton garments.
Objectives:
* To know about effect of bleach wash
* To know about chemical used in bleach wash.
* To know about process flow of bleach wash.
* To remove size materials, starch from fabric.
Recipe:
Desizing Recipe:
Garments leg: X gm
Detergent (beckagol):3gm/L
Temp: 50-600C
Time: 20 min.
M: L :( 1:5)
Bleach wash recipe:
Caustic soda: 2%
Hydrogen peroxide: 5ml/L
Stabilizer: 2.5ml/L
Soda ash: 2%
Temp: 80-900C
Time: 70min
PH :( 9-11)
Calculation:
Sample weight: 1739gm.
Liquor...
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