A. BRIEF HISTORY
1. March 22, 1897- Artemio Ricarte was elected CAPT. GENERAL of the Revolutionary Army in the Tejeros Convention in which the First Philippine Republic was born. 2. Phil. Legislature House Bill Nr. 72 (1934) - provided the creation of National Defense. B. LEGAL BASIS IN ORGANIZING THE AFP (PA)
1.) Constitution- the defense of the state is a prime duty of all citizens as required by law to render a personal military service. 2.) Commonwealth Act Nr. 1- otherwise known as the National Defense Act was approved in 21 December 1935. 3.) Executive Order Nr. 11- issued by president QUEZON in January 11, 1936 that effected the organization of Hqs, PA as a component of regular force. 4.) Commonwealth Act No. 88- approved by Pres. QUEZON on January 16, 1936 that provided for the creation of the State Police Force which nationalized the police force into a separate organization. The Constabulary was relieved of its national police powers and remains as integral part of the Philippine Army. 5.) Commonwealth Act No. 343- approved on June 23, and implemented by Executive Order No. 15 issued that same day effected the separation of the PC from PA.
C. DIFFERENT ARMS AND SERVICES DURING THE EARLY ARMY SET-UP
InfantryOff Shore PatrolFinance Svc
CavalryAdjutant Gen SvcChaplain Svc
Field ArtyQM SvcCorps of Professor
Coast ArtyQrd & Chem WarfareCadets of PM Service
Air Corps & Off Shore Patrol- was elevated to major command in 1947 and major service in 1950.
D. SIGNIFICANT DATES
1. July 6, 1951- US President POOSEVELT called into the service of the US Army Forces in the Phil. Two regular and reserved divisions of the PA became
Part of US Armed Forces in the Far East (USAFFE)
2. December 24, 1941- Philippines was invaded by Japanese Forces. 3. April 9, 1942- Fall of Bataan
4. October 28, 1944- Pres OSMENA issued executive Order No. 21 reactivating the PA. MAJ GEN BASILIO VALDEZ assumed his former role as the Chief of Staff. 5. March 29, 1945- PA Hqs was initially located at National University and 12 days later it was transferred to the Legarda Elem School building up to Nov. 23, 1945. November 24, 1945- PA Hqs was transferred to Ang Tibay building at Grace Park, Manila up to Aug. 5, 1946.
6. July 1, 1947- PA Hqs was relocated to Camp Crame before it finally moved to Fort McKinley, Rizal.
7. Executive Order Nr. 1 dated 7 June 1945- established the Military Police Command to restore peace and order in the liberated areas.
8. August 14, 1945- Japan surrendered after atomic bomb was dropped at Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
9. September 2, 1945- Japan formally signed its surrender and WW II in the Pacific was officially ended.
E. ARMY ORGANIZATION
In line with the “Government Reorganization Plan” contained in Executive Order #94 of Pres ROXAS, dated 4 October 1947, the Army of the Philippines was drastically revamped. 1. General Orders No. 228 dated October 24, 1947. Army of the Philippines was charged to Armed Forces of the Philippines while its Hqs was renamed as Hqs National Defense Forces.
2. General Orders No. 269 WHDF dated December 31, 1947. PC was activated and reconstituted to a separate organization and was placed with the Department of Interior to discharge police function.
3. In 1950, to effect a vigorous campaign against subversive movements and to spare the Battalion in Korea under is commitment with the United Nation, seven Army Scout Commands and 27 BCT were organized, and five of this BCT’s have rendered their service with PEFTOK from 1950 to 1953.
4. Executive Orders No. 359 dated 23 December 1950 issued by Pres. QUIRINO provided for the creation of four (4) Major Services in the AFP....