RRQs Chapter 3
4. How did King Philip’s war, Bacon Rebellion, and the Salem witch trials illustrate a widespread crisis in British North American in the late seventeenth century?
Towards the end of the seventeenth century, series of crises rocked the European colonies of North America. Both Social and political issues and crisis’s emerged such as King Philip’s war, Bacon Rebellion, and the Salem witch trails. King Philip’s war was one of the bloodiest and bitter wars in the New England region in the seventeenth century. The Indians tried attacking the English colonies and villages, which resulted in the destruction of many towns and farmland. The Bacon Rebellion occurred because the wealthy plantation owner and upper class constantly traded with the Indians. This would hurt the majority of smaller farmers from making money. The smaller landowners tried rebelling against the government that ignored them but never succeeded. Finally, the Salem witch trials occurred as many people accused others of being witches to get back at them for other things or perhaps people who rebelled against the government.
5. The social structure of the eighteenth-century colonies was growing more open for some but not for others. For whom was there more opportunity, and for whom not?
There were more opportunities to those who owned a lot of land and grew cash crops such as tobacco or rice on a plantation. This would result in them trading many with the Indians and local settlers and gain them more power and money. However, this would also hurt the many small farmers and citizens in colonies and villages. The social structure was shaped like a triangle with few rich plantation owners at the top and the lower class setters at the bottom. Essentially, the rich became richer and the poor grew poorer.