July 16, 2012
Chapter 1 Vocabulary
1. Marco Polo – traveled to China and stirred up a storm of European interest 2. Francisco Pizzaro – conquers Incan Empire of Peru and begins shipping tons of gold/silver back to Spain. This huge influx of precious metals made European prices skyrocket (inflation). 3. Ponce de Leon – touches and names Florida looking for legendary Fountain of Youth 4. Montezuma – Aztec king, thought Cortez might be the god Quetzalcoatl who was due to re-appear the very year. Montezuma welcomed Cortez into Tenochtitlan. 5. Christopher Columbus - discovered the Islands of the West Indies and was convinced he had reached India, or at least part of Asia and therefore mistook the people as "Indians.". No portraits of life exist (1451 – 1506) 6. Francisco Coronado – ventured into current Southwest U.S. looking for legendary El Dorado, city of gold. He found the Pueblo Indians. 7. Robert de La Salle - sailed down the Mississippi River for France claiming the whole region for their King Louis and naming the area "Louisiana" after his king. This started a slew of place-names for that area, from LaSalle, Illinois to "Louisville" and then on down to New Orleans (the American counters of Joan of Arc's famous victory at Orleans). 8. Jacques Cartier – Journeys the St. Lawrence River in 1534; gave Canada its name. Before that it used to be Kanata, meaning village or settlement. 9. Giovanni da Verrazano - sailed the Atlantic Ocean into the now is the New York Bay. 1524 10. John Cabot – Explores northeastern seaboard of north America for England 1498 11. Vasco Nunez Balboa – "discovered” the Pacific Ocean across isthmus of Panama claims all lands are touched by the pacific ocean for Spain 1513 12. Ferdinand of Aragon - the king of Castile and Aragon who ruled jointly with his wife Isabella; his marriage to Isabella I in 1469 marked the beginning of the modern state of Spain and their capture of Granada from...
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