The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and self confidence in two different situations; non-stressful and stressful. It is to examine the effects on anxiety of a simple golf putting task. The stressor used in this experiment can be described as situational, namely the stressor of social comparison, the type of stressor that leads many performers to question their own ability which in turn evokes symptoms of anxiety.
The purpose of this study was to answer the question; does a stressful situation affect a person’s anxiety (cognitive and somatic), and therefore lead to affecting self-confidence. Self-confidence is thought to be an inner belief and not putting psychological limits on yourself and is defined as “the belief that you can successfully perform a desired behaviour” (Weinberg & Gould, 2003). If a person’s self-confidence is low, then their performance may decrease also. Anxiety is a negative emotional state with feelings of worry, nervousness, and apprehension associated with activation or arousal of the body. The body can be aroused in any stressful situation. Stress is defined as “A state in which some demand is placed on an individual. Who is then required to act in some way or other to cope with the situation at hand.” (Jones, 1990). Therefore if an individual is placed in a stressful situation, (the situation is the stressor and the stress they experience is the process) this will cause the body to react in a physical manner and the participant will experience anxiety if they perceive they can not cope with the stressor. Hardy, Jones and Gould (1996) stated that “stress may or may not cause strain depending upon how well a person perceives themselves as able to cope with the situation at hand”. If they have doubts about this ability, they are reflected in symptoms of anxiety, which will furthermore decrease self-confidence. The...