Course Code: OXFOR1A11
Title: Discuss the relationship between stress, anxiety, habits and phobias, and describe how you would treat these issues with hypnotherapy
Life can be very challenging, we all experience different things in our lives, which may cause some form of discomfort or pain, demand our time, attention and cause unwanted pressure. When we cope with these demands our body has a natural process it goes through to support us, sometimes this process can cause us to develop stress, anxieties, habits and phobias.
During this essay we will discuss these conditions, the relationship between them, and how we can treat through hypnotherapy, whilst taken into account any ethical considerations.
Stress is a part of our every day lives, and can be good for us, it can help motivate us, helping us to complete a task or meet a deadline we may have set ourselves. When stress begins to debilitate or cause depression, we need to seek treatment as soon as we can. Lazarus (1966) states that stress arises when an individual cannot cope with the demands being placed on them or threats to their well being. Lazarus (1991) also stated that stress is not defined to a specific kind of external stimuli, or a pattern of physiological, behavioural or subjective reactions. Instead stress is viewed as the relationship between individuals and their environment. Seyle (1936) noted the now recognised symptoms of stress, which included decreased appetite, muscular strength and endurance, and lowered levels of ambition or drive.
Stress is your body’s way of coping with any kind of demand; from good or bad experiences. Stress releases chemicals into the blood; these chemicals can give your body strength and energy which can be a good thing. If there is no outlet for these extra responses for instance if it’s related to something emotional then this can have a negative response.
Many things can cause different types of stress from physical such as fear of something dangerous to emotional such as worry over your family or job. Some of the most common forms of stress are: Survival : (flight or fight response) first noted by cannon (1929), this is a common response to all people, when you are afraid when something may physically hurt you, your body naturally responds with a burst of energy to help you survive (fight) or escape (flight) the danger.
Internal: this is when you start worrying about things you can do nothing about, or worrying for no reason at all. Some people become addicted to the hurried, tense lifestyle that results from being under stress, and may even look for stressful situations.
Environmental: this is a response to things around you such as noise, crowding, and pressure from work and family. Fatigue and overwork: this kind of stress builds up over a long period of time and can take a huge toll on the body, Acute: most commonly associated with the recent or present.
Distress from alterations to the routine, chronic stress which is serious, and can be long term, and can also stem from childhood experiences.
In addition to these stresses there is hypostress caused when someone is not having their life fulfilled and feels uninspired, and hyperstress caused when someone is pushing beyond their own boundaries to cope with the pressure. We also need to take into consideration, emotional stress, illness stress and post traumatic stress relating to an event from the past which was traumatic.
Some of the signs of short term stress can be, your heart beats faster and breathing becomes heavier, feeling sick, muscle tightens headaches, fatigue and muscles spasms. Some of the signs of long term stress can be less appetite, sleep deprivation, form of habits, illness, worrying and feeling anxious, feeling out of control, mood changes, depression, increase dependency on food, alcohol and tobacco, neglecting self and others, and...
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