Elizabeth E. Thrall, C. W. (2009). screening measures for Children and adolescents with reactive attachment Disorder . Behavioral Development Bulletin , XVI, 4-10.
This article evaluated two screening measures designed to aid in diagnosing reactive attachment disorder (RAD): the Relationships Problem Questionnaire (RPQ) and Reactive Attachment Disorder – Checklist (RAD-C). Fifty-three parents/guardians completed both rating scales. Thirteen were adoptive/foster parents of children with a prior diagnosis of RAD, 12 were adoptive/foster parents whose children did not have a diagnosis of RAD, and 28 were the biological parents of children who did not have a mental health diagnosis (control) or a history of maltreatment. This article evaluated two screening measures designed to aid in diagnosing reactive attachment disorder. The RPQ was developed by Minnis to aid in the diagnosis of RAD. To date there has been limited information on the reliability or validity of the RPQ, and the research that has been conducted has been in Great Britain. The initial study on the RPQ was with 121 foster families with 182 children in central Scotland. Test- retest reliability was assessed by having the caregivers complete the questionnaire twice with the second completion being done within three to five weeks after the first completion.
Fu Mei Chen, H. S. (2011, April). The Role of Emotion in Parent-Child Relationships: Children’s Emotionality, Maternal Meta-Emotion, and Children’s Attachment Security . Journal of Child and Family Studies , 403-410.
This study was intended to examine the relationship among children’s emotionality, parental meta- emotion, and parent–child attachment. Mothers who tended to adopt an emotion- coaching philosophy were more likely to achieve secure parent–child attachments, as reported by their children. Children whose mothers tended to adopt an emotion-dis- missing philosophy reported lower levels of attachment security. There were no direct or indirect effects of children’s emotionality on their attachment security. Proper emotional interaction between parent and child is important to the formation of attachment. Children tend to rely on the attachment figure in times of stress. High maternal sensitivity is especially important if infants in distress are to form adequate attachment security with the mother. The parents who were inclined toward emotion listened to and talked with their children. This behavior is very important for forming secure attachment relationships. On the other hand, the parents who chose an emotion-dis- missing strategy wanted only to get rid of the anger; there was no supportive interaction. These parents not only lost the chance to know their children better, but the children did not feel accepted and supported. The emotion-dismissing approach endangers children’s secure relationship with their parents.
Gilani, S. N. (2011). Relationship of Parental and Peer Attachment Bonds with Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy among Adolescents and Post- Adolescents . Journal of Behavioural Sciences , xxi, 33-47.
The relationship of parental and peer attachment bonds with career decision making self-efficacy among adolescents and post-adolescents was studied with a sample of 300 males and 250 females recruited from different government colleges and universities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan. Significant positive relationship was found between parental as well as peer attachment bonds with career decision-making self-efficacy. When the relationship of parental and peer attachment bonds and career decision making self-efficacy was investigated separately for males and females, no difference was found. Study concluded that both parental and peer attachment bonds contribute in predicting career decision making self-efficacy, although parental influence seems stronger than the peer influence. Career development is another important aspect of adolescents’...