‘To Autumn’ Analysis
‘To Autumn’ is a caricature of the Autumnal season written by John Keats around 1820. Keat’s direct address, and thus his personification of Autumn is evident through the use of the direct determiner ‘To’ which resembles the conventional opening sequence of a letter. From the personification of Autumn, we can denote that ‘she’ is the intended audience, and that we are merely onlookers to Keat’s celebration. The purpose of the piece is to eulogize the season, exploring most illustriously its prosperity, tranquility and beauty.
The opening line ‘Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness’ immediately helps to convey a sense of setting through the use of imagery. The reader feels as thought they can see the mist and feel the smooth surface of the fruit. This is achieved using the collective concrete noun ‘...mists...’ alliterated with the premodifying adjective ‘...mellow...‘ to create imagery by appealing to the readers sense of touch and sight. The softness and tenderness of the imagery is enhanced by ‘...mists...fruitfulness’ where the ending morphemes are sibilant. ‘Close bosom-friend of the maturing sun‘ suggests the intensity of their relationship, whilst personifying the sun. Keats lexical choice of the continuous active adjective ‘...maturing...’ furthers this effect by implying that the skin is ‘ageing, and that the sun will soon cease to be. A sad atmosphere is created through the connotations of death through keats diction, however this is lifted by the intrigue created in line 3. Keats juxtaposes the connotations of ‘Conspiring...’ with connotations of danger, trickery, and deceit with the positive connotations of ‘...load and bless...’ Arguably, line four features enjambment ‘...the thatch-eves run;...‘ as the semicolon provides additional details. However Keats manipulation of rhyme and metre present an ABABC rhyming scheme in the first 5 lines, and therefore it is not assumed enjambement. The extent of the harvest to which...
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