American History Chapter 11 - 12 Notes

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Republicanism – hate concentration of power, so dissonant
2b,3b,4b,5a,6b,7d,8c,9a,10a,11c (Jeffersonians want to prove democracy -> house of representatives), 12a,13c power v. power (problem of power is power corrupts, absolute power corrupts absolutely. Can either kill all power since all power is evil (anti fed), or balance power since you cant avoid it using a system of checks and balances). 14b, 15d, 16c (Jackson upholds power of state by allowing Georgia to remove Indians even though supreme court said no. they couldn’t do anything) 17c, 18b (corruption comes in when the balance of society is not maintained), 19c, 20b, 21b, 22b, 23a, 24b, 25b.

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Chapter 11
* Rational why slavery is a good institution – slaves were treated better than labor workers because they were taking care of their property while northerners didn’t care about factory workers * How did slaves find solace in biblical teachings during this time? – rich man and Lazarus -> slaves felt white man represented rich man while slaves were being oppressed and would end up in heaven. (See in Chapter Summary)

* * Rise of cotton and rise of cotton demand. England major importer, ¾ of American cotton went to England. The South wanted England on their side of the civil war for this reason, but it didn’t work out. Cotton very important compared to other products because cotton is imperishable and can be raised by large or small farmers. Cotton was also very easy to transport due to weight. The problems are that it’s very labor intensive up until the time of 1793 when Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin, which removed seeds from cotton. Still important to pick, which is where slaves came in.

* * How did slaves resist?
MI (Missouri) and SC (South Carolina) slaves are majority
Sometimes slaves would rebel.
Toussaint l’Ouuerture has a successful slave rebellion in Haiti. News of this spread quickly among the slave population and gave them hope. Denmark Vessey, Gabriel Prosser, Nat Turner -> slave rebellions Nat Turner was a literate slave and self taught to become a preacher. Planters wanted slaves to read passages of bible saying slavery is good and okay. Nat Turner reading Exodus read that God did not want slavery. Read that God was so interested in destroying slavery that God sent Moses and plagues to help destroy slavery in Egypt. Nat Turner convinced that God wants him to liberate slaves, so he starts a rebellion. Kills about 65 men, women, and children. Caught and executed. This terrifies white planters, and after 1831 the south really clamps down.

By 1860, some southern states passed laws saying if you’re a free black, you should either leave or you will be enslaved. ** Slaves resisted using passive resistance - Did things slowly, broke tools randomly, and unexpected animal deaths, etc. Slaves did these things to try to change the system and get some power. Slaves typically required to go to planter services saying slaves should be helpful to their masters, etc.

* American colonization society (biggest before 1830)
Gradual emancipation of slaves (would buy certain slaves freedoms). Original back to Africa movement (many would end up in Liberia).

Abolitionists
One thing saying slavery is a necessary evil, another saying it’s a positive good One rational of slavery is civilization -> involved paternalistic argument Were living in a barbaric society dominated by tribal warfare Politically speaking just had strongman government

Religiously speaking they were Heathens, practiced animism
** Republican government and Christianity are what’s important for blacks, and white people know this ** Paternalism -> Whites argued blacks would become idle and chaotic without labor, which is the natural state of black people. Made them useful to society, even though with a whip. Argued that blacks were like children and needed a father. Argued slaves were better off than white factory workers because they are given...
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