Essay : is the united states in decline-again? (Michael Cox) VS The Empire writes back (M.J.Williams)
"America's present need is not heroics but healing; not nostrums but normalcy; not revolution but restoration." This famous sentence pronounced by Warren G. Harding, the 29th President of the United States, at the beginning of his office in 1921, could be, from certain points of view, perfectly adapted today. In fact, America's situation and future for four decades, has been largly debated. Is she in decline? Is she stil an empire, a power, a hyperpower? Two English professors : Michael Cox and Michael John Williams, both experts in this question, looked into this problem. Professor Cox, first, drew a pessimistic view of America in his essay Is the United States in decline-again? In response to this essay, M.J.Williams wrote The empire writes back where he explains how much Cox's argument about America's decline are false.
Professor Cox, in his essay Is the United States in decline-again explains his theory about America's decline. As we can see in the title America would be in decline "again". In fact, until 1968 and during two decades the debate about America's decline was in the air. People were talking about it, people were feeling it, people were reading it. They particularly read the work of Kennedy, an english historian who wrote The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers. In his famous book, Kennedy had two major propositions to explain United States's decline. The first one was based in a realist notion : the fact that all empires has a finite lifepan. The second was empiric : America's century was simply coming to his end, faster than anyone expected. This decline had differents causes : the defeat in Vietnam, the rising of the national debt, and above all, the "emergence of a more complex interdependant world" (Cox, 2007, 645), and this new world would completely change USA's place in the world. Yet, in the nineties, things took a totally...
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