Jackie Robinson played baseball at a time when teams were segregated. The Brooklyn Dodgers team manager Rickey, helped Jackie Robinson get into the Major League baseball team. This integrated the baseball for the first time in American history, allowing an African American to play with the Brooklyn Dodgers. ("Jackie Robinson Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 12 June 2013.) When Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier in professional baseball, he became a civil rights activist, contributing to the Civil Rights movement.
Before Jackie Robinson desegregated the Major League of Baseball, Black’s were segregated and discriminated against. The first baseball game between two all black teams was held on September 28, 1860 at Elysian Fields in Hoboken, New Jersey.("ShadowBall-Negro Leagues." ShadowBall-Negro Leagues. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 June 2013.) When the civil war ended in 1865 black Baseball teams began to form in the Northeast. Major Leagues excluded Black players. Frustrated Black players formed teams all over. The Black Panthers was the first professional black team formed 1885 in Babylon, NY, the team was later renamed Cuban Giants so they could attract more White fans. This led to the organization of the negro league in 1887. Eventually, the league fell because there wasn't enough money to support the league.There was no ban on white leagues hiring Black players. Blacks continued to play on White teams despite the physical and verbal abuse from players and fans. All Black’s knew Baseball was a white mans game. ("Jackie Robinson Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 12 June 2013.)
Jackie Robinson was born on January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia. (Jackie Robinson. Notable Black American Men. Ed. Jessie C. Smith. Farmington Hills: Gale Research, 1999. 1022-025. Print.) His parents were Jerry and Mallie Robinson. ("Jackie Robinson Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television,... [continues]
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