Agriculture and Pakistan

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Agriculture is considered as an engine of growth. To what extent this statement is true with reference to Pakistan? Write a comprehensive essay. Agriculture in Pakistan(achievements) * Pakistan ranks eighth worldwide in farm output, according to the List of countries by GDP sector * The most important crops are wheat, sugarcane, cotton, and rice, which together account for more than 75% of the value of total crop output. * Pakistan's largest food crop is wheat. In 2005, Pakistan produced 21,591,400 metric tons of wheat, more than all of Africa (20,304,585 metric tons) and nearly as much as all of South America (24,557,784 metric tons), according to the FAO.The country is expected to harvest 25 to 23 million tons of wheat in 2012. * Pakistan has also cut the use of dangerous pesticides dramatically * Pakistan is a net food exporter, except in occasional years when its harvest is adversely affected by droughts. Pakistan exports rice, cotton, fish, fruits (especially Oranges and Mangoes), and vegetables and imports vegetable oil, wheat, pulses and consumer foods. The country is Asia's largest camel market, second-largest apricot and ghee market and third-largest cotton, onion and milk market. * The economic importance of agriculture has declined since independence, when its share of GDP was around 53%. Following the poor harvest of 1993, the government introduced agriculture assistance policies, including increased support prices for many agricultural commodities and expanded availability of agricultural credit. From 1993 to 1997, real growth in the agricultural sector averaged 5.7% but has since declined to about 4%. Agricultural reforms, including increased wheat and oilseed production, play a central role in the government's economic reform package. * Much of the Pakistan's agriculture output is utilized by the country's growing processed-food industry. The value of processed retail food sales has grown 12 percent annually during the Nineties and was estimated at over $1 billion in 2000, although supermarkets accounted for just over 10% of the outlets * The Federal Bureau of Statistics provisionally valued major crop yields at Rs.504,868 million in 2005 thus registering over 55% growth since 2000> while minor crop yields were valued at Rs.184,707 million in 2005 thus registering over 41% growth since 2000. The exports related to the agriculture sector in 2009–10 are Rs 288.18 billion including food grains, vegetables, fruits, tobacco, fisheries products, spices and * Pakistan has an agricultural economy and the main contributor to the GDP is this sector. Industry has, therefore, perforce been based on agricultural products. Since the mineral base in Pakistan has yet to be exploited, industry is mainly dependent on agriculture. For Pakistan, an agro-based industry means that the country's production can be utilized in these industries. As changes occur in agriculture and economy, diversification of manufacturing, transport, chemicals, cement, steel, petrochemicals and pharmaceuticals are new areas of manufacturing. The agro-based industry, however, remains the largest contributor to the economy. For the last five decades the agriculture sector has been a major source of economic growth, fuelling growth in agro-based industry. Consequently, economic prosperity is inextricably linked to the performance of agriculture and any inefficiency in agriculture places the economy in a difficult situation. The major crops are cotton and wheat, grown in almost equal share (approximately 12% of major crops). The agricultural sector is dependent on major crops and livestock which together account for 75% of the sect oral output. In case of low production of any of the major crops, the economy is affected badly. If the cotton crop is below projection, it causes extreme imbalances in the balance of payments of cotton, as cotton based...
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