Pakistan's principal natural resources are arable land and water. About 25% of Pakistan's total land area is under cultivation and is watered by one of the largest irrigation systems in the world. Pakistan irrigates three times more acres than Russia. Agriculture accounts for about 21.2% of GDP and employs about 43% of the labor force. In Pakistan, the most agricultural province is Punjab where wheat and cotton are the most grown. Some people also have mango orchards but due to some problems like weather, they're not found in a big range. Agriculture and land use in Pakistan. (Only major crops)
Agriculture and land use in Pakistan. (Only major crops)
Mango Orchard in Multan, Pakistan
Mango Orchard in Multan, Pakistan
Barley and wheat cultivation—along with the domestication of cattle, primarily sheep and goat-was visible in Mehrgarh by 8000–6000 BCE. They cultivated six-row barley, einkorn and emmer wheat, jujubes and dates, and herded sheep, goats and cattle. Residents of the later period (5500 BC to 2600 BC) put much effort into crafts, including flint knapping, tanning, bead production, and metal working. The site was occupied continuously until about 2600 BC. Irrigation was developed in the Indus Valley Civilization (see also Mohenjo-Daro) by around 4500 BCE. The size and prosperity of the Indus civilization grew as a result of this innovation, which eventually led to more planned settlements making use of drainage and sewers. Sophisticated irrigation and water storage systems were developed by the Indus Valley Civilization, including artificial reservoirs at Girnar dated to 3000 BCE,and an early canal irrigation system from circa 2600 BCE. Archeological evidence of an animal-drawn plough dates back to 2500 BC in the Indus Valley Civilization. Indus River Delta
Indus River Delta
All agricultural affairs and activities in Pakistan are overseen and regulated by the Ministry of Agriculture.
Pakistan is one of the world's largest producers and suppliers of the following according to the different sources i.e. Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations and FAOSTAT given here with ranking: * Chickpea (2nd )
* Apricot (6th )
* Cotton (4th )
* Milk (5th )
* Date Palm (5th )
* Sugarcane (5th )
* Onion (7th )
* Kinnow, mandarin oranges, clementine (6th )
* Mango (4th )
* Wheat (7th )
* Marala Headworks on River Chenab, Sialkot
Marala Headworks on River Chenab, Sialkot
Rice (14th )
Pakistan ranks eighth worldwide in farm output, according to the List of countries by GDP sector composition.
The most important crops are wheat, sugarcane, cotton, and rice, which together account for more than 75% of the value of total crop output. Pakistan's largest food crop is wheat. In 2005, Pakistan produced 21,591,400 metric tons of wheat, more than all of Africa (20,304,585 metric tons) and nearly as much as all of South America (24,557,784 metric tons), according to the FAO. The country is expected to harvest 25 to 23 million tons of wheat in 2012. Pakistan has also cut the use of dangerous pesticides dramatically. Pakistan is a net food exporter, except in occasional years when its harvest is adversely affected by droughts. Pakistan exports rice, cotton, fish, fruits (especially Oranges and Mangoes), and vegetables and imports vegetable oil, wheat, pulses and consumer foods. The country is Asia's largest camel market, second-largest apricot and ghee market and third-largest cotton, onion and milk market. Wheat Fields in Punjab, Pakistan
Wheat Fields in Punjab, Pakistan
The economic importance of agriculture has declined since independence, when its share of GDP was around 53%. Following the poor harvest of 1993, the government introduced agriculture assistance policies, including increased support prices for many...