現今科技一日千里, 在我們日常生活中, 經常會應用到不同的software application. 小至mini game, 大至OS. 所有由concept 到產品, 全部都是由一個個不同的project 組合而成. What is a project? Project is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service or result) (Project definition: Planned set of interrelated tasks to be executed over a fixed period and within certain cost and other limitations)
而一個成功的project, 必需有好的Project management. What is project management? Project management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet the project requirements. (PMBOK 2004)
Project management is the process by which project are defined, planned, monitored, controlled and delivered such that the agreed benefits are realised. (APM BoK 2006)
(Project Management definition: is the application of knowledge, skills and techniques to execute projects effectively and efficiently. It’s a strategic competency for organizations, enabling them to tie project results to business goals. — and thus, better compete in their markets.) 因為Project management做得差, 整個project or product may be over time, over budget什至 project / product fail.
Project management processes fall into five groups:
•Monitoring and Controlling processes
Project management knowledge draws on nine areas:
|Integration |Scope |Time | |Cost |Quality |Procurement | |Human resources |Communications |Risk management |
All management is concerned with these, of course. But project management brings a unique focus shaped by the goals, resources and schedule of each project. The value of that focus is proved by the rapid, worldwide growth of project management:
而呢份Essay, 主要討論 Project Planning in Traditional and Agile Project Management. 呢2種不同的方法運用着不同的tools and techniques, and this two approach is suit for different type project. 希望讀者睇完之后, more understand the different of traditional project management and agile project management 可以在日後的project management上, 作出適合的選擇, 在project planning上做得更好.
What is project planning...?
1.Project planning is the part of project management, which relates to the use of schedules such as Gantt charts to plan and later report progress within the project environment. 2. Every year thousands of projects are completed over budget, out of scope and past deadline. Still, with each passing year, project managers continue to rush into projects without due diligence in defining the project and creating a plan for project execution. 3.( fr wiki) Project planning is part of project management, which relates to the use of schedules such as Gantt charts to plan and subsequently report progress within the project environment.
Initially, the project scope is defined and the appropriate methods for completing the project are determined. Following this step, the durations for the various tasks necessary to complete the work are listed and grouped into a work breakdown structure. The logical dependencies between tasks are defined using an activity network diagram that enables identification of the critical path. Float or slack time in the schedule can be calculated using project management software. Then the necessary resources can be estimated and costs for each activity can be allocated to each resource, giving the total project cost. At this stage, the project schedule may be optimized to achieve the appropriate balance between resource usage and project duration to comply with the project objectives. Once established and agreed, the project schedule becomes what is known as the baseline schedule. Progress will be measured against the baseline schedule throughout the life of the project. Analyzing...