Chapter 1 Identifying a Research Problem
This study aims to examine and analyze why adults pursue post educational education by addressing some issues related to adult or post secondary education and by gathering information on the actual learning styles, how the college instructors are currently teaching and other related concepts. The adult learner has strong desire to learn and know what they want in life although they may not be obligated to learn. These types of learners came from various background, educational background, ages, career, religion and life experiences but they all have one thing in common and that is their desire to learn.
Adult learning is closely related to professional development with assumptions that adult learner need to know, need to learn self-concept, role of learner’s experience and readiness to learn. The andragogy of adult education theories can be credited to Dr. Malcolm S. Knowles who is also known as the Father of Adult Learning (Åkerlind, 2002). His premise provides an overview of what are the adult learners’ expectations in learning program which can guide educators for their instructional designs. The application of Dr. Knowles’ theory is enriching on adult learning and will guide them to cope effectively with different circumstances in order to be considered as well-adjusted individual.
As stated by Theodore Roosevelt that “A man who has never gone to school may steal from a freight car; but if he has a university education he may steal the whole railroad (Åkerlind, 2002).” The achievement of learning and good solid education is a greatest achievement for individual. There are instances that an adult would like to school because they want to pursue a new career. They might have a degree, but want to obtain a degree in a new field (Gullestrup, 2007). Another reason of adult learner on returning to school is to acquire additional knowledge in a selected field. One good example is when an individual who graduated from college would prefer to go back to school to get a Masters of Business Administration (MBA) that in the end will results in more career options and a higher compensation.
While exploring how adults achieve literacy and maintain a lifetime career, they keep on building their life skills through adult education. However, there are obstacles along their way which somehow hampered the quest on continuing education including the financial resources to pay tuition fees, hesitation to attend college for fear that they will not fit in with younger students, attending a school on regular basis do not fit anyone’s work and life commitment schedule (Camenson, 2007). Others would return to schooling to study a specific like learning foreign language instead of acquiring a degree in college (Åkerlind, 2002). The changing nature of society will demand that workers should in their educational knowledge and self-improvement activities.
2 Review of Literature This literature review will look at the educational needs of adults and how they can be met.
Today's modern societies are ethnically and racially diverse and people need to be prepared to face these cultural differences. Students need help so as to achieve development in the social, moral and cultural fields but the fact that all students come from a different background makes the teachers' role to achieve this rather hard. To address the educational needs of adults and how they can be met, it is essential to review the two conflicting theories of Knowles Models of Andragogy. The principles of andragogy help the learners through a process of understanding rather than merely managing coursework, this application encourage the adult learner to retain his or her ability to analyze and apply materials to real world scenarios based on...