Adhd

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ADHD:
ADHD Research Paper

Kelly Gilhooley

Psychology
Professor Quispe
March 7, 2013
“Have you ever had trouble concentrating, found it hard to sit still, interrupted others during a conversation or acted impulsively without thinking things through? Can you recall times when you daydreamed or had difficulty focusing on the task at hand?” (Bussing, Grohol 1). Attention deficit hyper disorder, better known as ADHD is a common condition that may cause these affects for children, adolescents or even some adults who may have been diagnosed with ADHD. This disorder can cause problems at home, school, work, and in relationships. Most people don’t realize that ADHD has been around for such a long time. The name Attention Deficit Disorder was first introduced in 1994 when the third edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders came out. There are three different subtypes of ADHD, depending on which type you are diagnosed with will then show if you are hyperactive or impulsive. High levels of inattentiveness, restlessness and impulsive behavior are severe impairments of ADHD psychotically development. This paper will discuss the different aspects of ADHD, its symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment.

Symptoms of attention deficit disorder usually develop over several months. ADHD has three main features, which are inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. A person with ADHD may collect some or all of the following symptoms. They may have hard times paying attention, be easily distracted from school or play, doesn’t seem to listen, day dreams, squirm or fidget, talk to much, procrastination, disorganized work habits, forgetfulness in daily activity’s, failure to complete tasks interrupts others. There are three different types of ADHD, depending on which symptoms are the strongest in the individual. The three types are: Predominately Inattentive type, Predominately Hyperactive-Impulsive type, or Combined type. Some signs of hyperactivity-impulsivity are feeling restless, running, climbing, leaving, blurting out answers, interrupting, difficulty waiting. Researchers say “ADHD is about three times more common in boys than girls” (Bussing, Grohol 1). ADHD, AD/HD, and ADD all refer to the same disorder. The only difference is that some people have hyperactivity and some people don’t. “ About 20 to 30 percent of children with ADHD also have a learning disability” (Martin 1). Other mental health conditions may often occur such as, anxiety disorder, Learning Disabilities, Tourette Syndrome, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Conduct Disorder, Depression Disorder, and Bipolar Disorder. A child normally with ADHD many struggle with the symptoms listed above, but he or she may effectively learn once successfully treated for ADHD.

People who have ADHD learn to live with the disorder, but many question why? What caused it? Causes of ADHD are unknown- genetics plays a huge and important role in ADHD. For example, a recent study of twins linked genes with ADHD. In addition to genetics, scientists are studying other possible causes and risk factors including: brain injury, environmental exposures, alcohol and tobacco use during pregnancy, premature delivery, and low birth weight. When parents hear the risks factors many seem to first blame themselves, but it is not their faults. Many researchers believe that other possible causes of ADHD are genes, nutrition and food, environment, and other possible causes. Experts hope that someday, “understanding the causes of the condition will lead to effective therapies, and evidence is building on the side of genetic causes for ADHD rather than elements of the home environment” (Martin 1).

There are set ways that that professionals have to make the diagnosis for ADHD. Many children at a young age have the symptoms of ADHD, which cause parents to want to get them diagnosed. The signs for ADHD may be noticed before the child begins school. Also what many parents don’t...
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