16.2.1 Reproduction System Study Guide

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Week 16 – Reproductive System Study Guide

Identify the characteristics and functions of the following: penis, testes, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, sperm

penis - is a male organ, responsible for transporting urine and semen outside the body. It t is a flexible, that splits into a Y shaped rod (an attached root and a free body, capable of expanding) attached to the underside of the pubic bone.

testes – produce spermatozoa

Identify the characteristics and functions of the following: vagina, ovary, oviduct, labia majora, uterus What are the complementary male sex organs that correspond to the following female organs: oviduct, vagina, labia majora, ovary, clitoris How are ova and sperm similar? How are they different?

Identify the phases of the menstrual cycle, and what events occur in each stage. What are gonadotropins? What gland secretes them? Provide examples. After fertilization, where does an embryo implant?

How is the sex of a child determined?
What can happen to maternal and paternal genes during crossover of meiosis? Identify the role that each of these hormones plays in reproduction: LH, FSH, estrogen, progesterone, testosterone What is required for sperm activity?

What prevents polyspermy?
What does amniotic fluid contain? What are the important functions that it performs? What are the events of organogenesis, in order?
What hormonal changes occur in the mother and fetus at the onset of labor? What are the male accessory sex structures?
What is the biggest cause of cervical cancer?
When does the first mitotic division of the zygote occur?
Name 3 roles of the uterus.
Identify the characteristics and location of the uterine cervix. What is the pathway of spermatozoa?
What is the role of seminiferous tubules?
What organ produces mature sperm?
What percent of sperm comes from accessory glands?
How many sperm are in one ejaculate?
What are the 4 main organs of the female?
What is oogenesis?
28-30)Complete the Venn Diagram...
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