Types of Questionnaire

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  • Topic: Psychometrics, Likert scale, Rating scale
  • Pages : 5 (725 words )
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  • Published : December 7, 2012
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TYPES OF QUESTIONNAIRE/WRITTEN INSTRUMENT

1. DICHOTOMOUS RESPONSE

-items offer the respondent two alternatives to choose from (i.e. YES-NO, True-False)

-E.g.

Do you have provision for maternity leave?_____ Yes_____ No

Does the school provide health insurance?_____ Yes_____ No

2. MULTIPLE CHOICE

-items provide several alternatives

-E.g.

Educational attainment

_____ Elementary Graduate

_____ High school Graduate

_____ College Graduate

_____ Master’s

_____ Ed.D. or Ph.D.

3. CHECKLIST

-provides a run-down of items and the respondent checks those that apply to them

-E.g.

What electrical-electronics appliances do you have?

_____ TV

_____ Record Player

_____ Refrigerator

_____ Washing Machine

_____ Flat Iron

4. RATING SCALES

-may come in various forms; it is where the respondents evaluates a particular product, certain attitudes, and other characteristics; it is where he expresses his perceptions or how he views something; commonly used rating scales are: numerical, graphic, and forced choice rating scale

a. Numerical Rating Scale – a respondent indicates his response in a scale of numbers ranging from 1 (not at all) to 7 (very much)

E.g.

The teacher stimulates students interests.

1234567

Not at all Very Much

b. Graphic Rating Scale – similar to numerical rating scale except that the scale contains words rather than numbers

E.g.

The instructor maintains classroom discipline.

Never Seldom Occasionally Frequently Always

c. Forced Choice Rating Scale – an item that presents the respondents with a series of choices and requires him to choose one over the other

E.g.

Indicate the characteristic which best describes your teacher (choose only one)

_____ has sense of humor

_____ shares enthusiasm

_____ uses time efficiently

_____ maintains classroom discipline

The ranking item allows the researcher to determine responses of relative importance. The item usually contains a list of items and the respondent is asked to choose which item is the most important, second most important and so on.

E.g.

Rank in order of priorities the concerns which should be attended to by the administration

_____ Dirty comfort rooms

_____ Tardiness of some personnel

_____ Student unrest

_____ Delayed honoraria

5. ATTITUDE SCALES

-measure the attitudes of respondents on certain issues; by scale, this means it is an empirical indicator; these attitude items intend to capture empirically the essential meaning of the issue at hand; the basic assumption here is that it is possible to discover attitudes by asking individuals to respond to a series of statements of preference; the commonly used are the Semantic Differential Scale and the Likert Scale

a. Semantic Differential – method of observing and measuring the psychological meaning of concepts; usually uses bipolar objectives on a seven-point rating scale

E.g.

Welcomes Criticism ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Rejects Criticism

Good ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Bad

Too Much ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Very Little

b. Likert Scale – made up of a series of opinion statements about some issues. A person’s attitude is measured by asking him or her to indicate the extent or degree of agreement or disagreement (intensity).

In...
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