Types of Oral Communication

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Speaking is “the process of building and sharing meaning through the use of verbal and non-verbal symbols, in a variety of contexts” (Chaney, 1998, p. 13). Speaking is a crucial part of second language learning. Despite it’s importance, for many years, learning English has been undervalued.

Traditionally, speaking has always been assumed that the ability is speak fluently followed from the learning of grammar and vocabulary with a bit of pronunciation thrown in. We now know that speaking is much more complex than this and that it involves both a command of certain skills and several different types of language.

There are many importance of speaking English. Here now, we are going to see the importance of English Language for the purpose of study and work. English is important for study purpose so that we can communicate with the foreign students. English is also important for study and work purpose because it helps us to inquire knowledge. The learning process often requires one to have an inquiring mind. Good speaking skills will help one acquire knowledge effectively, especially when one is able to ask questions, express opinions and ideas, and summarize information. Speaking is also important for building our relationship. Relationship here involves relationship with our students, friends, lecturer and so on. Developing workplace competencies also need good speaking skills. People depend a lot on speaking when they are engage in different activities. Educationists deliver lectures and hold tutorials, discussions, forums and seminars. Speaking is on important skill when interviewing or training new employees, participating in discussions and giving public presentations or speeches. Most of our activity consists of a variety of communication activities such as listening, speaking, questioning, gathering and participating in small work groups. The listening skill is one of the most important aspects of communication process. It helps to understand and read the other person's message. Effective listening skills create positive workplace relationships which influence our opinions and responsiveness to one another. There is a big difference between hearing and listening. Hearing is a physical ability that the ears receive feelings and transmit them to the brain while listening is a skill. Listening skills allow one to make sense of what another person is saying. In other words, listening skills let you to understand what someone is "talking about". It requires concentration so that your brain processes meaning from words and sentences. Listening and understanding what others communicate to us is the communication process needed for interpersonal effectiveness. If you listen well, you will understand the meaning of the message. If you are unfocused, you will not know most of what the other person is saying. However, there is a range of listening skills that can be learned to develop the communication effectiveness. Firstly, encouraging listening points to the listener that is willing to do more than listen. Usually it provides feedback that supports speakers to say more. Furthermore, attentive listening is where we are fully interested in hearing and understanding the other person's opinions. We are attentive and passively listen. We show them that we listen and understand correctly. Finally, there is active or reflective listening. In active listening we are fully interested in understanding what the other person is thinking or what the message means. After they finish talking, we restate our understanding of their message and reflect it back to the sender for confirmation.

Improving your English speaking skills will help you communicate more easily and effectively. But how do you become a more confident English speaker? Practise. Any practice is good – whether you speak to someone who is a native English speaker or not. It's important to build your confidence. If possible, use simple English sentence...
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