English Listening Comprehension of College Students :Its Impedient Factors and Countermeasures

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Thesis Statement: English listening comprehension is influenced by the listener’s rudimentary knowledge of the language, the cultural knowledge, and the psychological factor, all of which should be well grasped for a clear understanding.

1. Introduction1
2. English Listening Comprehension2
2.1 Definition2
2.2 Listening Process4
2.3 Importance of Listening Comprehension6
3. Factors Affecting English Listening Comprehension7
3.1 Rudimentary Knowledge of English7
3.1.1 Pronunciation8
3.1.2 Vocabulary10
3.1.3 Grammar11
3.2 Cultural knowledge12
3.3 Psychological Factor13
4. Countermeasures13
4.1 Rudimentary Knowledge of English14
4.1.1 Pronunciation14
4.1.2 Vocabulary14
4.1.3 Grammar15
4.2 Cultural Knowledge15
4.3 Psychological Factor16
5. Conclusion17
Bibliography19
Acknowledgement20

English Listening Comprehension of College Students :Its Impedient Factors and Countermeasures

1. Introduction
Listening is a critical element in the competent language performances of English learners, whether they are communicating at school, at work, or in the community. Especially for college students who are going to enter society after graduation, listening is perceived to be crucial for communication at work with regards to employment, job hunting success, general career competence, managerial competency, and effectiveness of relationships between supervisors and subordinates. In the language learning process, listening is one of the radical means to acquire language information and feeling. It is likewise a rudimentary measure to strengthen language practice, and a key link to enhance communicative ability. The knowledge of the language system includes the knowledge of words (vocabulary), how these words are properly put in order (grammar), how these words are said in connected streams (pronunciation), how these words are strung together in longer texts (discourse) and so on. Listening involved in everyday communication is in fact the most frequently used language skill in our everyday life. A successful listener must have adequate knowledge of language and background information of the subject matter. At the same time, he mustn’t be a passive receiver. Instead, he must actually apply his knowledge and certain skills to analyze and decode the information while listening. In the traditional English learning mode, students only focused on written examination scores, and they paid much less attention to cultivating their own listening abilities. Although students have often had a good command of grammar and vocabulary, they have little ability to apply their knowledge into real life practice. As a result, a large amount of students can only read, not listen, let alone speak. Non-speaking English learners exist here and there. When these students enter college, they find it difficult to adapt to college English teaching mode. All too often, these students are unable to get what is taught in listening classes because they have not been the recipients of listening teaching. As society develops, the traditional written-English-oriented mode of English learning has been found unable to keep pace with the times. This has given rise to more public attention. Listening ability becomes a crucial element of commanding the English language and should be at the core of learning practice. It is the area that deserves college students’ every effort to cultivate. However, to enhance English listening is a significant challenge for college students in China. In fact, understanding the main factors affecting English listening comprehension is the first step to accomplish this demanding task. Only when we understand the influential factors can the countermeasures for English listening comprehension enhancement be found. This is the very subject I am to deal with. This paper employs the methods of analysis, citation, and comparison. Following the introduction of listening English learning, its...
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