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Sociology

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SocioBiology & Gender
- Thesis of Social Darwinism K.T. CD.
- Claims about: Aggression/Promiscuity/Teamwork
- Evidence via Animal Research
- Critical Review

Functionalism & Gender
- Emphasis on learning (not biology)
- Different sexes assigned
Different roles *for society
- Agents of Socialization
[1) Institution + 2) Individuals] Responsible for teaching us gender. P.A./S.A. Ideal link between them [FOR SOCIETY]
~ Content of Gender Scripts
E.X: 1) Babies 2) Rooms 3) Independence 4) Competetive/Coping

EX#1: Baby Size/Activity (Hale)
EX#2: Rooms (Greenglass)
EX#3: Independence (Greenglass)
EX#4: Competence/Coping (Hale)

2) Monitoring Strategies

EX#1: Sissies/ Tomboys (Mackie)

how is ‘deviance’ from expected gender behavior explained? * Faulty socialization
Advantages over sociobiological theory?
1. Cultural differences
2. Reform

Limitations of functionalist/socialization theory?
1. Implies consensus
2. Assumes consistency (between+within) “” agents of society 3. Insufficient evidence for ‘faulty socialization’
4. Awareness/internalization not the same
Gender Roles: Masculine|Feminine
Gender Roles: Masculine|Feminine

Abnormal
Inappropriate
Wrong
Tomboy
Sissy Excessive Monitoring
Bad
Abnormal
Inappropriate
Wrong
Tomboy
Sissy Excessive Monitoring
Bad

+ reinforcement -reinforcement
+ reinforcement -reinforcement
Script:

Right
Good
Normal

Appropriate
Script:

Right
Good
Normal

Appropriate

SOCIAL CONFLICT THEORY ON GENDER

Distinction from Functionalist Theory

Basis of Social Conflict Theory on Gender
a) history of Marx and Engel
b) focus of their interests

Dimensions of Gender Satisfaction
Gender Stratifcation Gender inequiality (not just different) Unequal ranking of men and women in...