Chapter 7 Review
1. Define social stratification and explain why it is sociologically significant
It’s the division of large numbers of people into layers according to their relative property, power, and prestige
This ranking of large groups of people into a hierarchy according to their relative privileges for its affects our life chances 2. As articulated by Kingsley Davis and Wilbert More, List the functions that social stratification provides
For some society to function, its positions must be filled
Some positions are more important than others
The more important qualified people to fill these positions, they must offer greater rewards
3. Discus Melvin Tumin’s rebult to Davis and Moore’s functionalist view of social stratification.
Because their view makes many sociologist uncomfortable, for they see it as coming close to justifying the inequalities in sociologists. 4. Define social class, describe its various components, and discuss the debate between different theorist over those components.
Social class is according to Weber, a large group of people who rank close to one another in property, power and prestige
According to Marx, one of two groups; Capitalists who own the means of production or workers who sell their labor 5. Differentiate between wealth, power, and prestige, and discuss how each is distributed in the United States.
Wealth is the total value of everything someone owns, minus the debts
Power is the ability to carry out your will, even over the resistance of others
Prestige is respect or regard
6. Discuss the relationship between occupations and prestige.
Occupations and prestige are related because we are moving into a global society and almost all of us have to choose an occupation and go to work 7. Define Status inconsistency and discuss its implications.
Its ranking high on some dimensions of social class and low on other; also call status discrepency
The reason it’s...