1.) Define social class. Identify three criteria used to conceptualize social class placement.
1.)Social class is a “class society, a set of concepts in the social sciences and political theory centered on models of social stratification in which people are grouped into a set of hierarchical social categories”( Grant,2001,p.161). The most common being the upper, middle, and lower classes. The upper class consist of people or families that represent institutional leadership, heads of multinational corporations, foundations, and universities. They are people who have finical stability and are well educated due to their finical income. Most commonly in American society today people fall in the middle class category. Middle class is made of people and families that are involved in clerical work, provide professional support, and engage in data collection. Even though they are educated based on local school systems they are not given the luxury education that you would fine with upper class. Last but not least you have the lower class. The lower class is commonly the hardworking of them all. They work full-time at wages below poverty line and commonly are on some type of social services help such as Medicaid or food stamp program (EBT).Even though they are entitled to education they commonly would rather work to just get by day to day due to finical struggles. Based on these classes’ people in today’s society have certain criteria that are used to determine ones place within the social class scale. Three most common criteria used to measure social class is wealth (property), power and prestige. Wealth consists of the property and income that a person or family possesses. The more finical income you have the higher you move up on the social class scale. With wealth also comes with ownership of material items that influences a person's social standing. Social standing has to deal with the certain amount of power that an individual may have due to his/her finical income. People with power become a great deal in today’s society. It identifies ones individual knowledge of their circumstances such as their reputation amongst certain communities or family’s. Being able to have power comes with the advantage of making others do what you desire, even if they do not want to do it. With power also comes prestige. Prestige is usually the respect people have for a person because of their occupation. Prestige is often derived from property and power as people tend to admire the wealthy and powerful. This is very important because it provides financial rewards, stability and benefits like healthcare. Commonly someone’s occupation such as being a “doctor” would have more respect rather than someone working at McDonalds making burgers. It’s unfortunate that in today’s society we have to categorize people based on their status of power and finical situation. Everyone is unique in their own way, not because of how much money you have or due to your lack of education. Everyone should be treated equal regardless of their finical situation.
2.) Define social stratification and discuss the four systems of social stratification.
Social stratification is “the division of large numbers of people into layers according to their relative property, power, and prestige. It affects every society and its members, although some societies having greater stratification than others. In every society in the world gender has been or continues to be a basis for social stratification. However, in no way is gender the sole basis for stratifying people” (Rasmussen,2014).Example of social stratification is the caste system in India. The caste system in India can be described as an elaborately stratified social hierarchy distinguishing India’s social structure. The caste system is used to specify a group of people having a specific social rank. The Indian term for caste is jati, and generally designates a group that can vary in size from a handful to...
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