Ramon Magsaysay

Topics: Ramon Magsaysay, Philippines, Elpidio Quirino Pages: 26 (8461 words) Published: February 22, 2013
Ramon Magsaysay|
7th President of the Philippines
3rd President of the Third Republic|
In office
30 December 1953 – 17 March 1957|
Vice President| Carlos P. García|
Preceded by| Elpidio Quirino|
Succeeded by| Carlos P. García|
Secretary of National Defense|
In office
1 January 1954 – 14 May 1954|
President| Himself|
Preceded by| Oscar Castelo|
Succeeded by| Sotero B. Cabahug|
In office
1 September 1950 – 28 February 1953|
President| Elpidio Quirino|
Preceded by| Ruperto Kangleon|
Succeeded by| Oscar Castelo|
Member of the Philippine House of Representatives from Zambales' Lone District| In office
28 May 1946 – 1 September 1950|
Preceded by| Valentin Afable|
Succeeded by| Enrique Corpus|
Personal details|
Born| Ramón del Fierro Magsaysay
31 August 1907
Iba, Philippines|
Died| 17 March 1957 (aged 49)
Balamban, Cebu|
Resting place| Manila North Cemetery, Santa Cruz, Manila, Philippines| Political party| Nacionalista Party (1953–1957)
Liberal Party[1][2] (1946–1953)|
Spouse(s)| Luz Banzon|
Relations| Teresita Magsaysay (eldest daughter)
Milagros Magsaysay-Valenzuela (second daughter)
Ramon Magsaysay, Jr. (third son)|
Alma mater| José Rizal University|
Profession| Engineer|
Religion| Roman Catholicism|
Signature| |
Military service|
Allegiance|  Republic of the Philippines|
Years of service| 1942–1945|
Rank| Captain|
Ramón del Fierro Magsaysay (31 August 1907 – 17 March 1957) was the seventhPresident of the Republic of the Philippines, serving from 30 December 1953 until his death in a 1957 aircraft disaster. An automobile mechanic, Magsaysay was appointed military governor of Zambales after his outstanding service as a guerilla leader during the Pacific War. He then served two terms as Liberal Party congressman for Zambales before being appointed as Secretary of National Defense by President Elpidio Quirino. He was elected President under the banner of the Nacionalista Party. He was the first Philippine President born during the 20th century. [edit]Early life

Ramón del Fierro Magsaysay was born in Iba, Zambales on August 31, 1907 to Exequiel Magsaysay (1874-1968), a blacksmith, and Perfecta del Fierro (1887-1980), a schoolteacher.[3] He spent his high school life at Zambales Academy at San Narciso, Zambales. After high school, Magsaysay entered the University of the Philippines in 1927, where he enrolled in a pre-engineering course.[3] He worked as a chauffeur to support himself as he studied engineering; and later, he transferred to the Institute of Commerce atJosé Rizal College (1928–1932), where he received a baccalaureate in commerce. He then worked as an automobile mechanic in a bus company and shop superintendent.[3] [edit]Career during World War II

At the outbreak of World War II, he joined the motor pool of the 31st Infantry Division of thePhilippine Army. When Bataan surrendered in 1942, Magsaysay escaped to the hills, narrowly evading Japanese arrest on at least four occasions. There he organised the Western Luzon Guerrilla Forces, and was commissioned captain on 5 April 1942. For three years, Magsaysay operated under Col. Merrill's famed guerrilla outfit and saw action at Sawang, San Marcelino, Zambales, first as a supply officer codenamed Chow and later as commander of a 10,000 strong force.[3] Magsaysay was among those instrumental in clearing the Zambales coast of the Japanese prior to the landing of American forces together with the Philippine Commonwealth troops on January 29, 1945. [edit]Family

He was married to Luz Magsaysay (née Banzon) in 1932 and they had three children: Teresita Banzon-Magsaysay (b. 1934), Milagros "Mila" Banzon-Magsaysay (b. 1936) andRamon "Jun" Banzon-Magsaysay, Jr. (b. 1938). [edit]Descendants

Several of Magsaysay's descendants became prominent public figures in their own right: Ramon Magsaysay, Jr., son; former Congressman and Senator
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