Chapter 8- Psychological Disorders
Neurosis: term used to describe disorders causing personal distress and impairment in functioning, but did not cause a person to lose contact with reality Psychosis: a serious disturbance that can cause people to lose touch with reality and to suffer from delusions and hallucinations
5 Perspectives on Psychological Disorders
Causes: a PD is a symptom of an underlying physical disorder cause by abnormalities in the brain by genetics, heredity or infection Treatment: diagnose and treat like any other physical disorder. Drugs, electroconvulsive therapy and psychosurgery 2. Psychodynamic
Causes: PD stem from childhood experiences, unresolved unconscious sexual or aggressive conflicts Treatment: psychoanalysis. Bring repressed material to consciousness 3. Learning
Causes: abnormal thoughts, feelings and behaviours are learned or there is a failure to learn appropriate behaviour Treatment: use classical and operant conditions and modeling to extinguish abnormal behaviours and increase the creation of new ones 4. Cognitive
Causes: faulty and negative thinking can cause psychological disorders Treatment: change faulty, irrational and or negative thinking. Beck’s cognitive therapy or ration-emotive therapy 5. Humanistic
Causes: PD result from blocking of the normal tendency toward self-actualization Treatment: client-centered therapy
* Most common category of metal disorder in Canada
* Affects 13% of us
* Characterized by anxiety and avoidance behaviour
Anxiety: a vague, general uneasiness or feeling that something is about to happen GAD (generalized anxiety disorder): people experience excessive anxiety and worry that they find difficult to control.
Symptoms: trembling, palpitations, sweating, dizziness, diarrhea, frequent urination
* Physical symptoms are due to psychological problem,...
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