Part 1. Chapter 12 – Views of Abnormal Behavior
Definition of Perspective| View of Abnormal Behavior|
Biologicalviews abnormal behavior as arising from a physical cause. | Causes:Physical cause such as geneticsTreatments:therapy| Biopsychosocialcauses are of central importance but also recognizes the influence of psychological and social factors in the study, identification, | Causes:Social factorsTreatments treatment of psychological disorders| Psychodynamicpsychological disorders stem from early childhood experiences and unresolved, unconscious conflicts, usually of a sexual or aggressive nature| Causes:Early child hood experiencesTreatments:familytherapy| Learningthought to be learned and sustained in the same way as any other behavior| Causes:learnedTreatments: therapy| Cognitivesuggests that faulty thinking or distorted perceptions can contribute to some types of psychological disorders| Causes:disorderTreatments:counseling| Humanisticability to fulfill their potential, abnormal behavior results from person's potential and self-concept| Causes:How they are bornTreatments:Drug treatment|
Part 2. Chapter 13 - What type of therapy?
Identify the type of psychotherapy represented by each statement below, choosing from: Cognitive
1. When she started relating to me in the way she related to her mother, it became clear that she perceived her mother as a rival for her father’s affection.
2. That child was a bad actor; he had a serious behavior disorder. It wasn’t difficult to understand how he got that way after I had a few sessions with his parents and siblings. behavioral
3. She has the worst case of agoraphobia I’ve ever seen. A peer counselor is stopping by everyday to work with her. It took a week to get her out the front door, and more than a week to get her off the porch. They’re working on walking out to the mailbox now. We’re making progress, but it’s slow. humanistic
4. I had to refer a patient to another therapist last week. I just couldn’t seem to identify with the guy, and couldn’t accept the way he acted. Feeling as I did about him, I didn’t think I could help him. cognitive
5. The theme of hostility toward authority figures occurs over and over again in his dreams and free associations, yet he claims that he and his father had a close and affectionate relationship. humanistic
6. I asked her to list the reasons why she thinks she is unable to get through a job interview. She gave me three typewritten pages enumerating more fears, apprehensions, self-criticisms, and negative self-evaluations than I would have believed possible for one person to have. Her thinking about herself has really gotten off the track. psychodinamic
7. He needs to convince himself that his past failures are not elements of a pattern that will govern his future. And he needs to convince himself that he is in charge of his life, and that he can choose the paths that will lead to accomplishment and satisfaction.
8. We have this voluntary program at the state penitentiary for men who have been convicted of child molestation. We are currently trying a method in which we pair electric shock with pictures of attractive children. Family therapy
9. People do not develop in isolation. They are part of an interacting system. To effect a change in an individual, it is necessary to change the social context in which the individual operates. physchodynamic
10. We think that depression is frequently the result of misinterpretation of environmental events, a tendency to attribute failures to the self and accomplishments to things like luck, fate, or the help of other people. Most of us have a self-serving bias in our attributions; people who are depressed have a self-defeating bias in their attributions.
Part 3. Chapter 12 & 13: What is the Problem? What is the...