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1. The two main approaches to student learning are constructivist and A) deconstructivist.
B) instrumental.
C) direct instruction.
D) cooperative.
Answer: C
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Knowledge
Difficulty: Basic
Feedback: 332
Learning Goal: 1

3. In Mr. Durgan’s U.S. history class, students work in teams to explore, research, and present a topic to the class. They can choose from a list of topics or propose a topic to the teacher for approval. Mr. Durgan serves as their guide and mentor for the project. This is an example of A) the constructivist approach to learning.

B) the jigsaw classroom.
C) direct instruction.
D) an open education approach.
Answer: A
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Application
Difficulty: Moderate
Feedback: 332
Learning Goal: 1

6. Ms. Carter teaches a high-school civics class. She lectures and uses PowerPoint slides to illustrate her main points, has the students memorize key facts, and keeps the students focused on the material. Ms. Carter is using which approach to learning? A) critical thinking

B) nontraditional
C) direct instruction
D) constructivist
Answer: C
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Application
Difficulty: Moderate
Feedback: 332
Learning Goal: 1

8. Jamie has a reading disability. Which of the following approaches to learning would experts recommend for Jamie? A) self-paced learning
B) direct instruction
C) peer-tutored
D) computer-assisted
Answer: B
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Application
Difficulty: Moderate
Feedback: 333
Learning Goal: 1

21. Which of the following statements regarding school dropouts is NOT true? A) Students from low-income families are more likely to drop out than those from middle-income families. B) A positive trajectory towards academic success is related to good parent-adolescent relationships in early adolescence. C) Approximately one-third of the girls who drop out do so for personal reasons. D) Almost 50 percent of students drop out due to personal problems. Answer: D

Bloom’s Taxonomy: Analysis
Difficulty: Moderate
Feedback: 336-337
Learning Goal: 2

27. Which of the following statements about stress in college is NOT true? A) Today’s college freshmen report that they are experiencing more stress than in the past. B) College males are more likely than their female counterparts to feel overwhelmed. C) College females are more than twice as likely as their male counterparts to feel overwhelmed. D) The pressure to succeed in college is pervasive.

Answer: B
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Analysis
Difficulty: Moderate
Feedback: 338
Learning Goal: 2

31. Mr. Delaney encourages his students to be independent thinkers and doers, but he still monitors them and provides clear rules and regulations for his classroom. He engages his students in considerable verbal exchanges about the subject matter and displays a caring attitude towards them. Mr. Delaney has which of the following classroom management strategies? A) authoritative

B) authoritarian
C) semi-permissive
D) laissez-faire
Answer: A
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Application
Difficulty: Moderate
Feedback: 339-340
Learning Goal: 3

34. Mrs. Chen has been given an award by her school district for being a highly effective teacher. Which of the following is most likely to be true of Mrs. Chen? A) She is able to keep her class working together.

B) She has strict rules to avoid any discipline problems at all. C) She does not do much actual direct instruction; she monitors student learning in groups. D) She sets a fast pace for moving through material and does not waste time. Answer: A

Bloom’s Taxonomy: Application
Difficulty: Moderate
Feedback: 340
Learning Goal: 3
67. The largest group of U.S. students to receive special education is children with A) mental retardation.
B) emotional problems.
C) learning disabilities.
D) speech and language impairments.
Answer: C
Bloom’s Taxonomy: Knowledge
Difficulty: Moderate
Feedback: 351
Learning Goal: 4

68. ADHD is categorized as
A) an emotional disturbance.
B) a...
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