Researches attempted to explains of motivition to work through two basic types of motivational theories and process theories. Content theories are concerned with what energizes behavior while process theories focus on how. Content theories asset that needs determine an individual’s behavior, individuals have a multitude of need varying degrees of intensity. There are needs or activator creates a state of disequilibrium within the person. The individual develops an urge to fulfill the need or needs he she is experiencing. Consequently the individual begins to each the environment for potentially satisfying goals, which once attained will lead to reduction of the disequilibrium or the fulfillment of his her behavior.
Problem motivation: Find the need, and the intensity(amount) > solve by policies.
Most organization effort improves employee motivation concentrate on providing opportunities for the individual to receive intrinsic and extrinsic satisfaction of his or her work. Managers can affect performance by influencing employee motivation through work related outcomes. Work motivation can be contributed to the nature of individual needs and to the distribution by managers of work related outcomes perceived by employees as both valid and relevant. In other words, managers influence motivation by both making use of individual differences in employee needs and by providing rewards and punishments that are consistent with those needs. Problem: intensity employees need/amount of available rewards/punishment.
Need of self-actualization, affiliation and power.
Extrinsic / intrinsic. Intrinsic hygien (wages working conditions) but their presence produces dissatisfaction among employees do not motivate. On the other hand the intrinsic factors or motivations do contribute to employee satisfaction and motivation. Maslow, intensity checklist.
German, spain, Belgium, Italy : Decision making authority, monetary rewards. > supportive and respectful...
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