Model United Nations Glossary

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Model United Nations
Glossary
AbstainDelegates may abstain from voting rather than saying yes or no. Generally this means delegates neither agree nor disagree with the resolution being discussed. AdjournMUN sessions end with the vote to adjourn, meaning discussions are held until next time delegates meet. AgendaItems to be discussed during the day. Must always being with roll call. AmendmentA change to the resolution being discussed; “friendly amendment” means it is accepted by the main submitter. “unfriendly amendment” must be voted upon by the entire committee. Background GuideThe document written by the administrators regarding the issues being discussed. BlocA group of countries within a similar geographical region or with a similar opinion. CaucusA break in a formal debate in which countries informally discuss the issue debated at hand. They can either be moderated or unmoderated. Chair An administrator. They moderate the debate, keep the time, rule on points and motions, and enforces rules of procedure. DaisThe group of students in charge of the committee. Normally consists of the chair, director, and a rapporteur. DecorumThe chair shall call for a decorum when delegates are being disrespectful to one another, a speaker, the dais or towards their role as an ambassador. DelegateA student acting as a member state or observer in an MUN. DelegationThe entire group of students representing a single member state. DirectorA member of the dais that oversees resolutions and working papers. They act as an expert on the topic, ensure delegates state the correct information of their country and ensure decorum is maintained during caucuses. Division of the QuestionDuring voting bloc, delegates may choose to only vote on certain clauses of a resolution rather than the entire document. Draft ResolutionA resolution intended to solve the problems of the issue being discussed. This becomes a resolution when it has been voted yes. Faculty AdvisorThe member of staff in charge of the MUN team. GavelThe tool a chair uses to maintain order in the MUN. Often, the best delegate is considered as the ‘gavel’ as it is often then given as a gift to that delegate, even when a ‘gavel’ is not used. Formal DebateThe normal way of speaking at MUN, delegates speak for a certain time by the way of a certain speakers list. Head DelegateThe student leader of an MUN club.

Member StateA country which has been accepted on the United Nations Charter. Moderated CaucusA type of caucus in which delegates remain seated and the chair calls upon them to speak for a short period of time. This is a freer ease of communication. MotionA request made by a delegate that the committee as a whole should act upon. For example, some motions may be for a caucus or for voting. ObserverA state, NGO, regional organisation, or national organisation which is not a member of the MUN but participates in debates. On the FloorA draft resolution may not always be discussed. If the chair or director bring the resolution to the floor, it is then to be discussed. Operative ClausThe part of the resolution which describes how the UN will approach the problem. It begins with an action verb. PageA messenger which passes notes between delegates and the dais. PlacardA card with the delegates country in which he must hold up in order to be recognised by the chair. PointA request from a delegate for information. For example, a point of inquiry, when resolution drafting. Position PaperA summary of a delegate’s position written before the conference. Perambulatory ClausThe part of a resolution which describes actions already being taken regarding the issue. Begins with a participle or an adjective. Procedural Regards the way the committee is ran. Delegates must not abstain from the vote. QuorumThe minimum number of delegates required for committee to commence. Rapporteur A member of the dais which keeps role call and the speakers’ list. ResolutionA...
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