The Proverb of a Shepherd (10:1–6)
“‘I tell you the truth, the man who does not enter the sheep pen by the gate, but climbs in by some other way, is a thief and a robber. The man who enters by the gate is the shepherd of his sheep. The watchman opens the gate for him, and the sheep listen to his voice. He calls his own sheep by name and leads them out. When he has brought out all his own, he goes on ahead of them, and his sheep follow him because they know his voice. But they will never follow a stranger; in fact, they will run away from him because they do not recognize a stranger’s voice’. Jesus used this figure of speech, but they did not understand what he was telling them.”
A man’s wealth was determined by the size of his flock.
Much of the economy throughout the biblical history of Israel was dependant largely on this industry. The Lord was identified as the shepherd of Israel. (Ps. 80:1; 23:1). Text
There are no parables in John, unlike the Synoptics.
The word parable is not used here, but paroimian a
Wayside saying or proverb.
Sheep fold normally represented Israel. Often the fence was a ring made out of thorn branches. Thieves and robbers.
Rustling was always a problem in livestock. There were two kinds of rustlers.
klepts – thief – those who steal by means of a plan, usually a sneak thief. We get kleptomaniac from this word. leistes – robber – use violence to accomplish their end, i.e., a common mugger.
Not door but gate – an opening way.
The shepherds would gather their flocks into an enclosed area at night for their protection. The shepherd would sleep across the gate to protect his sheep.
In the morning, the shepherds led their sheep out through the gate To pasture.
At times, the sheep were left with an under-shepherd called a porter. He
would open the gate only for the shepherd. Who is the porter? Holy Spirit. he works in the heart to convict and bring people to Jesus Christ. He opens the heart for the shepherd Jesus Christ to come in. John the Baptist – he went before Jesus and opened the
way for Jesus to come into Israel.
There was a close relationship between sheep and shepherd.
The sheep knew the shepherd’s voice. Even if they were mixed with an other flock, a sheep will separate at the Call of the shepherd.
The shepherd could call the sheep by name.
Putteth – pushes – the Lord will not let you stay in
A secluded place.
You don’t drive sheep, they follow.
How God leads us
Through His word. – His will is communicated.
Prayer. – as you pray He leads you.
yielding – God leads those who yield to Him.
Circumstances – 1 Cor. 16:9 – opportunities and closed
The counsel of friends
Our spiritual gifts – God wants you to teach if you are
a teacher, etc.
Through your past experience.
Jesus had proved himself as a good shepherd by healing His sheep and forgiving their sins.
He protected and sheltered the woman in adultery.
The Jews were thieves and robbers trying to
destroy the flock.
Man born blind – Jesus heals because He has
The Lesson of the Proverb (10:7–21)
The door (10:7–10). “Therefore Jesus said again, ‘I tell you the truth, I am the gate for the sheep. All who ever came before me were thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not listen to them. I am the gate; whoever enters through me will be saved. He will come in and go out, and find pasture. The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full.’” He is emphasizing the purpose or funtion of a door as sheep enter into the sheep fold.
Jesus is the door of salvation.
Exclusiveness by using the article “the.” He is not just another
door but the only door.
Di ‘emou is an emphatic position, only by Jesus.
“One can call this a narrow view intolerant, if he will, but it is the narrowness of truth. If Jesus is the Son of God sent to earth for our...
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