BY: MOHD TAJUDIN B JAMALUDIN
Examples of inductive & deductive
Inductive teaching (also called discovery teaching or
inquiry teaching) is based on the claim that
knowledge is build primarily from a learner’s
experiences and interactions with phenomena.
Deductive teaching (also called direct instruction) is
much less “constructively” and is based on the idea
that a highly structured presentation of content
creates optimal learning for students.
In research, we often refer to the two broad methods of
reasoning as the deductive and inductive approaches.
Inductive Research Approach
• Inductive reasoning works
the other way, moving
from specific observations
to broader generalizations
• Informally,, we sometimes
call this a "bottom up“
• Conclusion is likely based
• Involves a degree off
Deductive Research Approach
works from the more
general to the more
Sometimes this is
informally called a
An instructor using an inductive approach begins by
exposing students to a concrete instance, or
instances, of a concept .
The teacher’s role is to create the opportunities and
the context in which students can successfully make
the appropriate generalizations, and to guide
. The instructor
using a deductive approach
typically presents a general concept by first
defining it and then providing examples or
illustrations that demonstrate the idea.
Students are given opportunities to practice, with
instructor guidance and feed back.
Example of Inductive Teaching
Using the grammar situation,
the teacher would present the
students with a variety of
examples for a given concept without giving any
introduction about how the concept is used. As students
see how the concept is used, it is hoped that they will
notice how the concept is to be used and determine the
grammar rule. As a conclusion to the activity, the teacher
can ask the students to explain the grammar rule as a final
check that they understand the concept.
Example of Deductive Teaching
A deductive approach to
instruction is a more
This means that the teacher
gives the students a new concept, explains it, and
then has the students practice using the concept. For
example, when teaching a new grammar concept, the
teacher will introduce the concept, explain the rules
related to its use, and finally the students will
practice using the concept in a variety of different
Students may draw approaches
Inductive approach can increase the creativity
Inductive approach showed better long-term
Meet the challenges of the new world
Some educators have suggested that deductive
teaching can be critically important for students with
Some learn best through a deductive approach.
Deductive learners like to have the general principles
. Students may draw
other meaning from the
The inductive approach may also take more time
and be less “efficient” then a deductive approach
certain ideas do not lend themselves easily to an
It doesn’t allow for...