A personalised induction will always be more effective
In this essay I will be looking at the benefits of creating a personalised induction as well as looking at certain circumstances to support an argument against it. I will be discussing the influence and application of the different modalities when creating an induction as well as briefly exploring how the brain uses information, and discussing whether or not a personalised induction is the most effective method to use.
What is of equal importance as the words we use when a therapist creates and delivers a script for an induction, is the way in which it is delivered. Hypnotic inductions generally fall into two different styles; ‘Permissive’ and ‘Authoritarian’. A permissive approach is gentle, caring and without command. Typically a person who responds well to this style of induction is in a caring or nurturing profession, is compassionate and will be available to advice and support. Using language such as ‘you may feel’ or ‘you might want’, ensures that they feel supported and maintain choice. An authoritarian approach is firmer, logical and more direct. The authoritarian type of client will likely be in a profession such as the armed forces, the police or in business. This person responds well to direct language and clear commands that cement their faith in the therapist, as these people may well be cynical about hypnotherapy and will respond to the practitioner confidently, confirming their skills. Using ‘you will feel’ or ‘you will be in control’ will be effective. A third alternative approach to consider is the ‘Theatrical’ approach. As the title suggests this uses a more demonstrative process as this client is extrovert, perhaps an actor and responds well to attention and story telling. The theory behind these three different methods is that humans generally fall into one of the categories in terms of who they are, how they behave and to what they respond, but of course this is not exclusive.
Hypnosis originally used only the authoritarian method, as with Freud and later Dave Elman. Elman developed this method of hypnotherapy within a medical and scientific setting, particularly pain relief. Milton H Erickson, however, known as one of the world's greatest hypnotic teachers, realised that using a permissive approach gained far better results particularly when working with psychological issues and he became renowned for his permissive and indirect methods. The reason for this was his deduction that people responded to being given the choice to participate in their own therapy and not be dictated to. In doing this he achieved understanding and instilled confidence and the ability to change, in his clients.
Assessing individual modalities is paramount. Humans are generally driven by a particular modality, the dominant modality, but we do use them all. The three main modalities are: ‘Kinaesthetic’ (touch). People with this dominant modality are driven by their feelings, are very tactile and associate describing emotions with how things feel, internally and externally. The kinaesthetically driven person will commonly enjoy sports or activities that involve touching, for example massage. The physical posture of this person is typically round shouldered and centred around the lower body. They will usually speak in a low tone and pause often. These people will respond to script such as ‘I know how you feel’, ‘can you put your finger on it?’, or ‘ touchy subject’.
‘Visual’ (sight) describes a person who uses visual stimulus such as daydreaming or fantasy. They have strong imaginations and are often interested in, for example, art and design. The posture of a visually dominated person is generally upright and uses the upper body and they tend to talk in a high tone, quickly and clearly. Script effective with these types of clients would include ‘I see what you mean’, ‘picture yourself in/as..’ or ‘ what can you see?’.