Humanities Exam 4

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Humanities 101: Exam 4
June 11, 2012
1.Johann Sebastian Bach (J.S. Bach) is considered to be the father of music for many reasons. He was the greatest Baroque composer, arguably the greatest composer of all times. He developed the modern piano lessons we use today, and developed helping book to strengthen both hands equally to play the piano. He wrote thousands of compositions, and simplified the way we compose music. He is the reason the piano became popular over the harpsichord. He was brilliant and innovated the way we read and see music today. 2.An oratorio is the musical setting of a long sacred or epic text; it is performed in concert by a narrator, soloists, chorus, and orchestra. Like operas, oratorios are large in scale and dramatic in intent but, unlike opera, they are produced without scenery, costumes, or dramatic action (72). This is comparable to the “Baroque sensibility” because the purpose of Baroque composers music was to create visual pictures in people’s minds through the music, and that’s what you would have to get from an oratorio. 3.The Catholic Counter Reformation had a vast impact on the arts. Art now, instead of focusing on the content of the picture, it became important to focus on the style in which the subject was painted. You now have sculptures like “The Ecstasy of Saint Theresa”, which vies on the cusp of sensuality, something not allowed in the Catholic Church at that time. 4.It was very important in the African and Native American cultures to maintain a balance between likeness and resemblance in a figure because they believed that if it resembled a person too much that it could capture and trap their soul. They believed that a likeness to the subject was okay, it could be known it was a male or female or animal, but you should not be able to tell who exactly it was. 5.Absolutism is the divine right handed down by God for someone to rule as king/queen through birthright. Versailles was the embodiment of Louis the...
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