What are the components of the models? Explain/define each. ● Participants - The individuals involved ○ Sender and Receiver ● Message - Written, spoken and unspoken elements to which meaning is attributed. ○ Meanings, Symbols, Encoding, Decoding and Form ● Contexts - Communication environment. ○ Physical, Social, Historical, Psychological, Cultural ● Channels - Pathway through which messages are sent. ○ Face-to-Face or Online Communication (CMC) ● Noise - Interference ○ Physical, Psychological or Semantic noise ● Feedback - Response to a message ○ Verbal Symbols and nonverbal behaviors What are the communication principles? ● Communication has a purpose ○ Develop and maintain our sense of self ○ meet our social needs ○ Develop and maintain relationships ○ Exchange information ○ Influence others ● Communication is continuous ● Communication messages vary in conscious thought ○ Spontaneous expression
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○ Scripted messages ○ Constructed messages Communication is relational Communication is guided by culture Communication has ethical implications Communication is learned
What makes a competent communicator? ● Communicative behaviors are appropriate and effective ○ effective = achieved goals ○ appropriate = conforms to expectation What are the characteristics of communication? ● Communication is inescapable ● Communication is irreversible ● Communication is complicated
Chapter 2 – Perceptions of Self and Others 1. What are the stages of the perception process? 1. Attention/Selection - Perceive stimuli in environment ● Depends on: Needs, Interests, Expectations 2. Organization - converting the information we receive, trying to make sense of the information. ● Simplicity- ● Pattern- trying to find a theme or pattern. 3. Interpretation- trying to find out what you are perceiving really means. 2. Know how the three components of the self-concept (attitudes, values, beliefs) differ. ● Attitude - the way you feel about a specific ● beliefs - way with we structure our understanding of reality ● values - What factors affect our self-esteem? ● Sex and gender ● Culture ● Social comparison ● Self-expectations What factors contribute to the distortion of self-perceptions? ● Incongruence ● Filtering Messages
● Media Images 5. Know and be able to describe: Self-monitoring, impression management theory, uncertainty reduction, attribution theory, and halo effect. ● Self-Monitoring ○ Process of observing and regulating your own behavior ● Impression Management Theory ○ Your goal = Likeable. Your strategy = Ingratiation ○ Your goal = Competent. Your strategy = Self-promotion ○ Your goal = Dedicated. Your strategy =...