Ch 15 & 16 Margin Questions

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What drove European involvement in the world of Asian commerce? They wanted tropical spices such as cinnamon, nutmeg, mace, cloves, and, above all, pepper. They also had Chinese silk, Indian cottons, rhubarb for medicinal purposes, emeralds, rubies, and sapphires.

To what extent did the Portuguese realize their own goals in the Indian Ocean? They would steal goods from cargo ships delivering goods. They had ships that could outmaneuver other ships and they had on board cannons that other ships didn't have.

How did the Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, and British initiatives in Asia differ from one another? The Dutch soon rivaled the Portuguese in the Asian trade network. Their merchants succeeded in displacing the Portuguese from Indonesia. In the cases of the Dutch and English explorations and colonization, private companies played a major role

To what extent did the British and Dutch trading companies change the societies they encountered in Asia? The British and Dutch were both militarily and economically stronger than the Portuguese. They quickly over took and displaced the Portuguese. The British focused on India, while the Dutch focused on Indonesia. The British were largely excluded from the rich Spice Islands by the Dutch monopoly. They established three major trading settlements in Bombay, Calcautta, and Madias. They secured their trading posts with Mughal authorities or local rulers. The British mostly focused on Indian cotton textiles. The Dutch controlled the shipping and production of cloves, cinnamon, and mace. They seized control of a number of small spice-producing islands, where they forced people to sell only to the Dutch. If the people did not obey, their crops were destroyed. As a result of these actions the Dutch profits soared, but the local economies were shattered.

What was the world historical importance of the silver trade? Silver went around the world and made the world go round. Bolivia and Japan increased the silver supply. It...
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