Ch 14, 15, 18

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Ch 14, 15, 18

1. Fluid surrounding the cells is called ______________ fluid. 2. The largest portion of a person’s body weight is contributed by: a. water
b. fat
c. bone
d. muscle
3. Which of the following electrolytes are anions? (select all that apply) a. sodium
b. calcium
c. chloride
d. bicarbonate
4. The movement of water across a membrane from a less concentrated solution to a more concentrated solution defines: a. diffusion
b. osmosis
c. filtration
d. active transport
5. A hormone with physiologic effects that decrease blood pressure is: a. ADH
b. Renin
c. Aldosterone
d. ANF
6. Which of the following statements best describes the risk of fluid and electrolyte imbalances in the older adult? a. Most older adults can maintain fluid and electrolyte balance just as well as younger adults b. Older adults have limited reserves to maintain fluid balance when abnormal losses occur. c. Body water increases with age, putting the older adult at risk for fluid volume excess d. The amount of extracellular fluid declines, leaving the patient with reduced fluid stores 7. A patient is receiving diuretics to eliminate excess fluid that has been retained in body tissues. In 2 days the patient lost 4.4 lbs (2kg) in body weight. This represents how many liters of fluid loss?____________ 8. You gently pinch the skin over a patient’s sternum. The skin does not flatten right away, leading you to suspect: a. recent weight loss

b. history of excessive sun exposure
c. dehydration
d. need for increased diuretics
9. Fluid volume excess can be classified as intracellular or: a. extracellular
b. intravascular
c. interstitial
d. extravascular

10. When a patient has a potassium imbalance, which of the following...
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