SULTAN QABOOS UNIVERSITY
COLLEGE OF NURSING
MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH NURSING DEPARTMENT
CHILD HEALTH NURSING CLINICAL: NURS 4001
EVIDENCE BASED DRUG STUDY
* During your posting select 3 drugs from each clinical area * A total of 15 drugs to be written.
* Preferably select a drug you have not studied in detail. * Do not repeat the drug.
| paracetamol| Chlorpheniramine| dexamethasone|
Age| 12yrs| 12yrs| 4yrs|
Sex| f| f| f|
Diagnosis| SCD with moya moya disease | SCD with moya moya disease| Pre B ALL| Clinical Area| 2 blue|
Reason for admission| Fever | Chemo session | Chemo session| Trade Name of the Drug| paracetamol| Piriton| Decadron| Pharmacological Name| Analgesics | antihistamine| anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant| Dose frequency & route of administration|
How the dose is Calculated for the child?What is the frequency and route of administration?Standard pediatric dose;frequency and route of administration?| 10.41 ml once daily for one day orally10mg\kg =10*24.7kg=247mg 247mg/120*5ml=10.29ml| 13.7ml once daily for one day orallyStrength=2mg/5mlStandard dose = 4mg for 12yrs and above4mg/2mg*5ml=10ml| 1 tablet 2times daily for 4weeks. OrallyStrength= 2mg \tablet0.3mg\kg=0.3mg*16kg=4.8mg\day4.8mg\2=2.4mg two times aday.| Action of the Drug|
Why theparticular drug is prescribed for the child?(include clinical manifestations,Lab values,results of diagnostic tests).Common action| Paracetamol reduces the synthesis of prostaglandins which are responsible for the mediation of pain and fever.| Competes with histamine for H1 receptor sites and reduces allergic response by blocking histamine.| Its antiemetic mechanism of action is not well understood, however. Dexamethasone may antagonize prostaglandin or release endorphins that elevate mood, improve one's sense of well-being, and stimulate appetite| Side effects of the Drug|