An Overview of Anatomy

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An Overview of Anatomy

Laszlo Vass, Ed.D. Version 42-0001-00-01

Lab Report Assistant
This document is not meant to be a substitute for a formal laboratory report. The Lab Report Assistant is simply a summary of the experiment’s questions, diagrams if needed, and data tables that should be addressed in a formal lab report. The intent is to facilitate students’ writing of lab reports by providing this information in an editable file which can be sent to an instructor.

Observations
What is the purpose of this exercise?

Are there any safety concerns associated with this exercise? If so, list what they are and what precautions should be taken.

Exercise 1: Anatomical Position
Question
A. Explain why it is important to have a universally accepted anatomical position when studying the structure of humans.

It is important to have a universally accepted anatomical position when studying human structure to limit confusion when describing the human body’s direction or location of organ or bones. When the body is in anatomical position the body is standing erect, feet are shoulder width apart, toes are pointing forward, arms are down by the sides, and the palms are facing forward.

Exercise 2: Surface Anatomy
Questions

A. Review Figure 3. Complete the table by placing each letter from the figure next to its corresponding body landmark.

Figure 1: Anatomicallandmarks|
Body Landmark| Letter|
1. Sural| K|
2. Popliteal| D|
3. Tarsal| E|
4. Calcaneal| L|
5. Brachial| F|
6. Cranial| A|
7. Acromial| H|
8. Buccal| B|
9. Axillary| C|
10. Olecranal| I|
11. Occipital| G|
12. Lumbar| J|

B. Mr. Shmelgenbelcher has had a rough day. He woke up with a pain in his cervical region. He fell off his bike and bruised his crural region. He pulled a muscle in his inguinal region and was whacked by a revolving door in his scapular region. Describe where each of these areas of the body is located on poor Mr. Shmelgenbelcher.

Cervical Region: neck
Crural Region: anterior region of leg
Inguinal Region: groin
Scapular Region: shoulder

Exercise 3: Body Orientation

A. Use the directional terms to fill in the blanks.

a. The nose is medial to the ears.
b. The elbow is distal to the shoulder and proximal to the wrist. c. The heart is lateral to the spine.
d. The stomach is anterior to the ribs.
e. The pinky finger is distal to the thumb.
f.Muscles are superficial to the skeleton.
g. The mouth is anterior and medial to the ears. h. The brain is cephalic to the spinal cord.

Exercise 4: Body Planes and Sections

In the space below, draw the cut sections of your potato for each of the three body planes:

Frontal plane Sagittal plane Transverse plane

Question

A. Which of the following organs would not be visible if you cut the body in a mid-sagittal section? Explain below.

a. The brain

b. The stomach

c. The heart

d. The kidneys

Explain.

The kidneys would not be visible due to there being a left kidney and a right kidney. The only organs that would be visible are the organs that are medial.

Exercise 5: Body Cavities
Questions

A. What organs are found in the pelvic cavity?
Urinary bladder, colon , rectum, loops of small intestine, and reproductive organs.

B. If the doctor presses on the right hypochondriac region, what organ is the doctor likely pressing on?

Liver

C. Describe what is found in the dorsal body cavity.

Cranial...
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